Through the generosity of the Department of Antiquities
of Jordan, Ted Banning's laboratory at
University of Toronto contains
a variety of lithic and ceramic assemblages, faunal remains, and
sediment samples, mainly of the Geometric Kebaran, Neolithic,
Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Ages from the Wadi Ziqlab Project, in northern Jordan.
Researchers and students interested in lithics or pottery of these
periods in the southern Levant may request access to these collections
by clicking the email button at left. Some of the collections
are suitable for thesis projects by incoming graduate students
in University of Toronto's Anthropology
Department. We also have reference collections from other
sites, including a large part of the Chalcolithic material from
Robert North's excavations at Tuleilat al-Ghassul (Blackham
1999), thanks to the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Jerusalem
and William Fulco, Loyola Marymount University. A summary of the
collections is under construction. In the mean time, browsing
the web pages of the Wadi Ziqlab Project will give you an idea
of their contents.
topics based on our collections
Several former graduate students
have already completed M.Sc. or Ph.D theses and research papers
based on material in the Wadi Ziqlab Project collections, and
some current students have been working on material, but there
are still many aspects of these collections that remain relatively
unexplored. Potential topics include:
- Spatial distribution of microrefuse
from Late Neolithic house floors
- Taphonomic analyses of lithics,
faunal bone, and pottery, to improve understanding of site-formation
processes at Geometric Kebaran, Neolithic or Chalcolithic sites
- Stylistic variations among
pottery from Chalcolithic sites in northern Jordan and what it
may tell us about political and economic relationships between
- Technological analyses of
Neolithic, Chalcolithic or Early Bronze Age pottery
- Comparison of Late Neolithic
assemblages at WZ 120, WZ 135/140 and WZ 200
- Chemical residue analyses
of pottery and the origins of brewing, dairying or olive-oil
- Chronology of the Late Neolithic
in the southern Levant
- Destandardization of stone
tools from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) to the Late Neolithic
(Yarmoukian and Wadi Rabah cultures)
- Sourcing of basalt and flint
tools from Wadi Ziqlab
- A possible Early Bronze Age
flint mine in Wadi Abu Ziyad, Jordan
- Geometric Kebaran assemblages
in Wadi Ziqlab and Wadi Taiyyiba
- Prediction of site locations
in Wadi Taiyyiba based on GIS modelling of Wadi Ziqlab distributions
Recent work on our
collections by colleagues outside University of Toronto
We welcome collaboration with
researchers outside the Wadi
Ziqlab Project and University
of Toronto. Recent visits to Toronto to make use of the Wadi
Ziqlab Project's collections have included:
- John Meadows (doctoral candidate,
LaTrobe University, Bundoora, Australia): Analysis of archaeobotanical
samples from Tubna (WZ 121) and Tell Rakan (WZ 120 and WZ 130),
- Valentine Roux and Marie-Agnès
Courty (CNRS, Paris): Study of fabric groups and technology of
Chalcolithic pottery from Tubna (WZ 121), Tell Fendi (WZ 126),
and Tell Rakan (WZ 120), March 2000
- Kathy Twiss (doctoral candidate,
University of California, Berkeley): Study of faunal remains
from Wadi Ziqlab Neolithic and Chalcolithic sites, June 2000
research based on the collections
Current work by graduate students
at University of Toronto includes the following.
Alicia Beck, Chemical
Residues and Functional Analysis of Chalcolithic Pottery from
Tubna, Wadi Ziqlab, Jordan. Ph.D thesis, in progress.
David Lasby, Changes in
Lithic Technology and Economy in the Late Neolithic and Chalcolithic
of Wadi Ziqlab, Jordan. Ph.D thesis, in progress.
Lisa Maher, Geoarchaeology
and Settlement Landscape in Wadi Ziqlab, Jordan, in the Late
Pleistocene and Early Holocene. Ph.D thesis, in progress.
Previous theses and
student publications based on our collections
Among the projects already
completed by former and current students are the following:
1994 Chronological Correlations
of Archaeological Stratigraphy: An Intrasite Test at Tabaqat
al-Buma, Jordan. M.Sc. thesis, Department of Anthropology,
University of Toronto.
1996 Changing settlement at Tabaqat
al-Buma in Wadi Ziqlab: A stratigraphic analysis. In The Prehistory
of Jordan II, edited by H.G. Gebel, Z. Kafafi and Gary O.
Rollefson, pp. 345-360. Ex Oriente, Berlin.
Tulaylat Ghassul: an Appraisal of Robert North's
Excavations (1959-60). Levant 31: 19-64.
1999 Constructing Regional Histories:
Time and Transition in the Southern Levant (5500-3500 BC),
Ph.D. thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto.
Mark Blackham, Kevin Fisher and David
1997 Excavations at Tell Fendi,
a Late Chalcolithic site in the Jordan Valley, Jordan, Echos du
Monde Classique/Classical Views 41 (n.s. 16): 17-22.
1992 Analysis of Phytoliths and
Paleoclimatic Change at Wadi Ziqlab, Jordan. M.A. thesis,
Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto.
2000 The Epipalaeolithic Assemblage
from Tabaqat al-Bûma, Wadi Ziqlab, Jordan. M.Sc. thesis,
Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto.
Lisa Maher, Matthew Lohr, Matthew
Betts, Carla Parslow, and E. B. Banning
2001 The Middle Epipalaeolithic
in the southern Levant: The view from Wadi Ziqlab. Submitted
to Paléorient 27: 5-19.
Steven J. Oakes
1991 Using Hypermedia to Design
an Archaeological Site Analysis Tool. Bachelor of Applied
Science thesis, Department of Computer Science, University of
2000 Variability in sickle elements
from Tabaqat al-Bûma, Wadi Ziqlab, Jordan. Neo-Lithics
1996 Histological Investigation
of Late Neolithic Agriculturist Settlement in Northern Jordan.
M.Sc. dissertation, Department of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford.
1997 The Lithic Assemblage from
Tabaqat al-Bûma: A Late Neolithic Site in Wadi Ziqlab.
Ph.D thesis, University of Toronto.
© 2000-2001 E. B. Banning, all rights reserved