Professor Monica Boyd
University of Toronto
Department of Sociology
Toronto, Ontario
M5S 2J4


Tel: 416-946-5906
Fax: 416-978-3969
Curriculum Vitae Teaching Professional Services Research Team
Socio-Economic Scales

Researchers have long been interested in the occupational position of individuals, both because occupations are the result of a prior events such as the level of education or the type of vocational training, and because occupations are closely associated with earnings, and thus with the level of consumption and type of life style afforded. As well, a person's occupation may capture certain risks, such as occupational accidents and it may indicate the standard of living available to other family members, thus serving as a measure of the socioeconomic origins of later generations. Since the 1950s, sociologists have sought to transform census occupational classifications into interval scales in order to take advantage of multivariate methods of analysis. I was familiar with these scales in some of my early work on social inequality, and in the 1980s I became interested in the possibility that gender specific scales existed. Later I worked with Charles Nam, Florida State University to produce socioeconomic scores for occupations in the United States, using a methodology he developed. More recently I have taken the Canadian 2001 Census classification of occupations and have transformed them into socioeconomic scores, suitable for multivariate analysis both as independent and dependent variables.

Select Bibliography on Miscellaneous Topics

2008 (forthcoming) A Socioeconomic Scale for Canada: Measuring Occupational Status from the Census. Canadian Review of Sociology (formerly CRSA) 45(1).
2004 Occupational Status in 2000: Over a Century of Census-Based Measurement. (Charles Nam and Monica Boyd) Population Research and Policy Review 23(4).
2004 Recasting/Rethinking SES Scales: An Allegorical Tale of How Dinosaurs can Become Birds. Presentation at a Thematic Session on Inequality, annual meeting of the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association, May 29 - June 1, Toronto.
1990 Sex Differences in Occupational Skill: Canada, 1961-1986. Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology 27 (August): 285-315.
1986 Socioeconomic Indices and Sexual Inequality: A Tale of Scales. Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology 23 (November): 457-480.
1982 Women, Men and Socioeconomic Indices (Monica Boyd and Hugh A. McRoberts). In Mary Powers (ed.), Socioeconomic Status: Concepts and Measurement Issues. Washington, D.C.: The American Association for the Advancement of Science.
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