Quiz #1: what to expect

The quiz will involve terminology introduced during class lectures and relating to the following subjects: lexicon, including semantic change, grammar, phonetics & phonology.
You will also have an opportunity to decode an OED entry or two: explain when certain spellings of a word were current, where English got the word from, etc.
Wherever possible, I will try to get you to apply the terminology. See below for examples!

You should be able accurately to determine from an OED entry:

Terms relating to the lexicon:

I may give you some words and ask you to apply the right term. For instance, I may ask you to tell me what process of wordformation has generated the italicized forms in ifs and buts; you will tell me "conversion/functional shift/zero-derivation".

Terms from semantics

Or, I may tell you that in OE, deor or deer used to mean "a quadruped"; you can tell me that the word has undergone "narrowing/restriction/specialization".

Terms from grammar:

Here, you are likely to encounter a sentence and be asked to identify (for instance) word class (noun? adjective) or clause elements (subject? verb? direct object? indirect object? complement?). Or, I might ask you to compose a sentence consisting of (for instance) a third-person plural subject and a transitive verb. (There's a bit of a trick with that last one.)

Phonetics and phonology:

1. You can expect to transcribe words and to recognize words. I'll be expecting the symbols on the handout that you got in class rather than the symbols in Crystal or Millward, but you can make a case for using ones you've learned elsewhere. I won't be asking you to identify whether /p/ is aspirated or not, and I'll be staying away from low back vowels. So, you might be asked to transcribe sin ([sIn]) and seen ([sin]), or to write down the PDE word represented by [beyt] (bait).

2. You should know terminology relating to the articulation of consonants and vowels. You can expect to be asked to produce the symbol that represents (for instance) "a voiceless interdental fricative" or "a high front vowel". And I might expect you to be able to describe patterns in data (i.e. that in words like strength and warmth, the intrusive consonant is a voiceless stop articulated in the same place as the preceding nasal!


Place of articulation:

Manner of articulation: