ENG6361H: Assignment #4—
Encyclopedia entry for HELL (“History of the English Language Links”) (25%)
First draft: due on or before Thursday August 16th
(same day as the take-home is due) (12.5%)
Late penalty: the usual 5% per day
Final version: due Thursday August 23rd (12.5%)
Extension: I am willing to negotiate extensions on the final version.
-finding and using research resources (books & reference books, on-line indexes, library catalogues) for the History of the English language
-doing in-depth research on a subject that interests you
-focussing your research into a specific, interesting topic
-summarizing, synthesizing, evaluating the work of others, succinctly and clearly
-producing a very basic web document (1000 words + a bibliography consisting of “selected resources”)
My ENG1001F class last year produced an “Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon Culture”. Some of the entries are very good indeed. See
The study of a (focused) semantic field: e.g.
OE medical (Richard)/sailing/livestock/natural history (Sheetal)/financial terminology
The development of a particular grammatical construction (choose others from CHEL’s “syntax” or “morphology” chapters)
-the transition from grammatical to natural gender (Jesse)
-the second-person pronoun (thou vs you) (Sara)
-the emergence of periphrastic do
-the grammaticalization of the progressive (I am lecturing)
-the history of postpositional phrasal verbs (give up)
The language of a particular author or text or group (may well need focusing!)
-e.g., King Alfred, Mandeville, Kempe. Malory, Chaucer (Jennifer--French), Caxton
-e.g., the Ancrene Wisse (Shannon D.)
-e.g., dialects of south-west England (Claire) “AB language”, Lollard language
OE study/philosophy of language (Sarah)
“Pre-dictionaries” of English (glosses, glossaries, etc.)--(Joanna)
The influence of Latin on OE syntax
The degree of mutual intelligibility of OE and Scandinavian
French as a mother tongue in England (Jacquie)
The influence of French on Middle English grammar
The teaching of French (Shannon M.)
Language-mixing in a specific genre (sermons and/or hymns (Lawrence); poetry)
Knowledge of Arabic in ME (Jessica)
Knowledge of Italian in ME(Amy)
Standards and standardization
Arguments for and against the “Winchester standard” OE
Arguments for and against “Chancery standard”
(a) The relevant volume (OE, ME) of the Cambridge History of the English Language is almost always a very good place to get a sketch of the subject and a preliminary bibliography.
(b) Use the library catalogue to find books on your subject, and use those books and bibliographies (listed on yellow course booklist) to identify more books and articles on your subject. If you are working on an OE lexical topic, Old English word studies is essential: Toronto’s Dictionary of Old English (14th floor, Robarts) has an updated copy that you should probably have a look at.
(c) There are some very good bibliographies on line. Have a look at my HELL pages, or do a search yourself. The table of contents for Anglo-Saxon England is now online, for instance. Many articles on HEL topics can be found not only in journals, but in conference proceedings (e.g., ICHL or ICEHL) and collections of essays (e.g., Fisiak, Kastovsky).
(d) Use the electronic journal indexes available at U of T. Linguistics & Language Behavior is particularly likely to get you the most linguistic hits. The ABELL and MLA are also worth searching.
(a) Main headings CENTRED and BOLD (title, your name, “For further reading”)
(b) CENTRED, below title and name: copyright 2001
(c) LEFT-JUSTIFIED, BOLD: any sub-headings within the entry
(d) Throughout: Times Roman, 12 point
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~cpercy/helhome.htm, esp. “oe.htm” and “me.htm”
Anglo-Saxon Culture: an online guide: