Captain Cook’s first voyage journal (C) and contemporary corrections of it (H)
· An example of prescriptivism in process
· and of colonialism!
· also illustrates some typical EModE variation
· double negation
· nouns without –s plurals
· variant forms of strong verbs
· auxiliary be with intransitive verbs like come (like French)
· no passive progressive yet (“while his teeth were being pulled out”)
· adverbs without –ly
C: for in the boat were Turtle, Fowls, Birds, &c.
H: for in the boat were turtle, fowls, ducks, parrots, paroquets, rice-birds, monkies, and other articles,
C: We hauled the Sene in several places in the River but caught only a few mullet [H: mullets]
C: The Kangura are in the greatest number for we seldom went into the Country without seeing some.
H: There does not indeed seem to be many of any animal, except the kanguroo.
C: but now I thought it more prudent to tack and spend the night under the Island Mowtohora where I knowd [H: knew] there was no danger.
C: I found this point to lay [H: lie] directly under the Tropick of Capricorn and for that reason call’d it by that Name.
C: and if by neglect he looseth [H: loseth] any of his Arms or woorking tools, or suffers them to be stole [H: stolen]
C: it is apparent from the Obserd Latitude that we have been drove [H: driven] 3 Leagues to leeward sence yesterday
C: at 11 a light breeze sprung up [H: sprung up] from the westward
C: this Bay ... affords plenty of exceeding good wood and water
H: it affords plenty of exceeding good wood and water
C: The land on the East side of the broad part of this River is tollerable high and hilly
H: On the east side of the broad part of this river the land is tolerably high and hilly
C: for we saw them carried aCross the river in a Catamaran and walk leasurely off with the other natives.
(Banks: the 3 boys .. nimbly ran and joind the party who walked leisurely away)
H: our three prisoners ... ran nimbly back and joined their companions, who walked leisurely away
C: we saw two turtle but caught none nor no sort of fish or wild fowl except a few small land birds
H: we saw two turtles, but we were not able to take either of them: neither did we catch either fish or wild-fowl, except a few small land-birds
C: Whilest the post was seting up we asked the old man about the Strait or passage into the Eastern Sea
H: While the post was setting up, we enquired of the old man concerning the passage into the eastern sea,
C: I next, by means of Tupia, explained to the old man and several others that we were come [H: were come] to set up a mark upon the Island
C: after these were gone out of the Ship the others became so troublesome that in order to get rid of them we were at the expence of 2 or 3 Musquet Balls and one 4 pound shot
H: but when these were gone out of the ship, the others became exceedingly troublesome