Review: Some general causes of language change
-SOV therein -> SVO in here
Ease of articulation?
-OE þæt [θ], wæs [s] -> [ð] and [s]
-OE naman, land, tala, béc -> names, lands, tales, books
-development of phoneme /ŋ/
-/m/, /n/, /ŋ/
-/b,p/, /d,t/, g,/k/
-development of phoneme /ž/
leisure /zj/ -> /ž/
-ME human [j_] -< [hj_], herb [hrb] (hb, b...)
Some general types of language change (phonology, morphosyntax)
with lazy links to the Wikipedia ...
Syntactic change: one kind of change is grammaticalization
Morphological change: one very general mechanism is analogy (here, extension)
Some subcategories of the same...
Sound changes: “unconditioned” sound changes
Sound changes: “conditioned”
· burst (bust), curse (cuss) ditto?
One (subset of a) very common type: [deletion of a sound]
Another important type: assimilation of a sound
A memorable but much more sporadic type is metathesis
One key source:
Brinton, Laurel J. & Leslie Arnovick. 2006. The English language: a linguistic history. Oxford UP.
Campbell, Lyle. 1999. Historical linguistics: an introduction. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
Schendl, Herbert. 2001. Historical linguistics. Series: Oxford introduction to language study. Oxford UP.
Sihler, Andrew L. 2000. Language history: an introduction. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.