†††††† ENG220Y (Prof Percy & R. Ormsby's section): Essay 1


Write a 2000-word essay on a topic that you have focussed from one of the subjects below.


Writing the essay:


(Y)our TA Rob Ormsby has written a first-rate handout on Writing an Essay.

The U of T Writing Home Page also has advice on writing academic essays:

††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††† http://www.library.utoronto.ca/writing/advise.html


You can also work with your college writing centre (and New College's, since you're taking this course) at any stage of the essay-writing process.


†††††††††††††††††† Format:


1. Please type or neatly print your assignments.

2. On a separate title page, please provide a unique (and interesting) title that reflects how you have focussed the topic; your name & student number; my name; and the date.

3. Do not put your name on the body of the essay.Your essay's title and your student number are my keys to your identity once I've finished grading. Please put the paper's title and your student number at the top of EACH page; number each page at the top right.

4. Please use a paper clip rather than a stapler to hold the paper's pages together.I do comments on the word processor, and it is easier for me to attach them to your essay if I don't have to chew off the staple.



††††††††††††††††††††††† Due:


The paper is technically due on December 13th, but as I'll be away from the 9th through the 18th, you may submit it without late penalty to the Wetmore Hall Porter, New College, by 10 a.m. on Monday, December 20th.I cannot and will not accept your essay by fax or by email.The mailing address: Professor C. Percy, Wetmore Hall Box 310, New College, University of Toronto, 21 Classic Ave, Toronto M5S 2Z3.

††††††††††††††† Late essays: U of T is closed from Dec 22 through Jan 2.4% off until 4:45 pm on December 21st.25% off on Jan 4th; not accepted thereafter without acceptable documentation (medical certificate, registrar's letter).†††



††††††† Documenting your sources:


††††††††††††††† When quoting from Shakespeare's text, please include parenthetical references to the act, scene, and line number (e.g., 1.4.31 or I.iv.31 or 1.IV.31 - just be consistent).And please give a full bibliographical reference to the edition that you have used in the bibliography. E.g.,


Shakespeare, William. A Midsummer Night's Dream. Edited by Peter Holland. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.


††††††††††††††† I do not expect you to use secondary sources: close reading and deep thought over a 4-week period can produce a first-rate essay.However, it can be satisfying and helpful to contextualize your ideas about a topic in current scholarship.

††††††††††††††† It is better to put off reading secondary sources until you have devised a working thesis.That way you'll know what you are looking for.Once you've decided to use secondary sources, you must use a wide range of articles and books.Start with the general guides to Shakespeare scholarship listed on the course syllabus.

††††††††††††††† You must document all the sources you have used fully and accurately.

of T's Writing Home Page has good advice on how to avoid plagiarism:

††††††††††††††† http://www.library.utoronto.ca/writing/plagsep.html.

Topics for Essay 1



1. The primary source for Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet is Arthur Brooke's The Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet (1562).[1]Compare the two scenes in the tomb.What changes has Shakespeare made, and with what effect?


2. The Gardener's speech in Act 3, scene 4 of Richard II is clearly metaphorical.Analyze its function in the play generally, and in its immediate dramatic context, that is, between 3.3 and 4.1.


3. Write an essay that identifies the thematic functions of the word time in Henry IV, Part I and/or Henry IV, Part II.You can use a printed concordance (e.g. Spevack's multivolume Shakespeare Concordance) or one of the on-line concordances linked to the course home page.



††††††††††† Write an essay on the functions (plot, character, theme) of:


4. Servants and/or lower-class characters in two plays that we have studied in class so far.


5. References to religion in Romeo and Juliet and Baz Luhrmannís film of Romeo and Juliet.

How to document a film? A film citation usually begins with the title, underlined, and includes the director, the distributor, and the year. But if you are citing the contribution of a particular individual (director, screenwriter), begin with that person's name.
Chaplin, Charles, dir. Modern Times. With Chaplin and Paulette Goddard. United Artists, 1936.

Jhabvala, Ruth Prawer, screenwriter. A Room with a View.. Dir. James Ivory. With Maggie Smith, Denholm Elliott, and Helena Bonham-Carter. Cinecom Intl. Films, 1985. Based on E.M. Forster's A Room with a View


6. The family as a structural and thematic element in Romeo and Juliet and Richard II.


7. Prince Escalus in Romeo and Juliet and Duke Theseus in A Midsummer Night's Dream.


8. The potions in Romeo and Juliet and A Midsummer Nightís Dream.


9. Female characters in Henry IV, Part One and Henry IV, Part Two.


10. Shifting settings in two of Richard II, Henry IV, Part One, Henry IV, Part Two.


11. The human body in two of Richard II, Henry IV, Part One, Henry IV, Part Two. `Why you are so fat, Sir John, that you must needs be out of all compass, out of all reasonable compass, Sir John' (Henry IV, Part I, 3.3.20-22).


12. Descriptions of the crown (literal or figurative) in two of Richard II, Henry IV, Part One, Henry IV, Part Two.


Have a good holiday, when it comes Ö†††† -- CP & RO

"Awhile to work, and after holiday"

†††† [1]See Geoffrey Bullough, ed., Early Comedies, Poems, Romeo and Juliet, vol. 1 of Narrative and Dramatic Sources of Shakespeare (London and New York: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1957); Alice Griffin, ed., The Sources of Ten Shakespearean Plays (New York: Crowell, 1966).