HISTORY 430Y - Class Outline



University of Toronto: Department of History
The course texts are:

Mark Blasius & Shane Phelan, We are everywhere: a historical sourcebook of gay and lesbian politics Routledge Pb ISBN 0-415-90859-0

David Higgs (ed.), Queer Sites: Gay Urban Histories since 1600 Routledge, Pb ISBN 0-415-15898-2

Jim Egan, Challenging the Conspiracy of Silence Canadian Lesbian & Gay Archives
Students will read representative historical works and articles in preparation for each session of the course during which they discuss and criticize the materials. Attention will be given to historical cross-cultural variations in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender visibilities within a western context with some reference to the impact of European imperialism. Use the KEYWORD in Utlink GENDIVAVL for a most recent listing of audiovisual resources.

All students write two book reports (c.1500 words each) in the Fall term and by the first meeting in December will have a one page proposal for their topic for the course paper. In the Spring they will each make an oral presentation to the class of this paper in progress. The final version of between 4000 - 5000 words is to be handed to the instructor by the last day of classes.

Marks: 15% each for the two book reports, 30% participation and attendance, 40% paper.

Students will attend a weekly two hour seminar. Readings will be available in the U.C. College Library or at Gerstein.


  1. Introductory discussion of the field of enquiry: the great So What? questions on antecedents of gay and lesbian identities, feminism, transsexuals, transvestites and masculinity femininity discourses. The Social Constructionists (Foucault et al) versus Essentialists (Norton et al) Distribution of Bibliography.

    From Paganism to Christianity:

  2. John Boswell (1947 - 1994) Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality: Gay People in Western Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Fourteenth Century (1981) part I & II

  3. Boswell parts III and IV. (See Eva Cantarella, Bisexuality in the Ancient World, (trans.) New Haven, 1992, for a different reading of Early Christianity.

  4. Michael Rocke, Forbidden Friendships: Homosexuality and Male Culture in Renaissance Florence, (1996)

  5. Judith Brown, Immodest Acts: the Life of a Lesbian Nun in Renaissance Italy (1986) BX4705/C3 134/B76 RenRef

  6. Textual evidence: (a) the Inquisition and secular justice.

  7. The Enlightenment: from penitents to perverts: Montesquieu, Voltaire and Bentham in Blasius and Phelan.

  8. The English: a special case? Tim Hitchcock, English Sexualities, 1700 - 1800 esp. caps 5/6; Randolph Trumbach, Sex and the Gender Revolution, vol. one "Heterosexuality and the Third Gender in Enlightenment London" Chicago, 1998.

  9. The Nineteenth Century to medicalisation : Louis Crompton, Byron and Greek Love: homophobia in nineteenth-century England (1985); Vernon A. Rosario (ed.), Science and Homosexualities, (1997)

  10. Medical case histories. Vernon. (See also Herculine Barbin (1838 - ?) Herculine Barbin, being the recently discovered memoirs of a nineteenth-century hermaphrodite introduced by Michel Foucault. New York: Pantheon Books, 1981 RC 883/B3713/BMED)

  11. Lesbian Paris. George Wickes, The Amazon of Letters: the life and loves of Natalie Barney, New York, 1976;

  12. Gay autobiographies/ biographies (each student will report on one from the bibliography) Paul Robinson, Gay Lives: Homosexual Autobiography from John Addington Symonds to Paul Monette, 1999



  1. Class to read and discuss the impact of Radclyffe Hall, The Well of Loneliness. See Diana Souhami, The Trials of Radclyffe Hall, London, 1998;

  2. Homosexualities from Fascism to the 1950s Vernon A. Rosario (ed.), Science and Homosexualities, (1997)

  3. Social History of inarticulate lesbians and gays (a) Elizabeth L. Kennedy & Madeline D. Davis, Boots of Leather, slippers of Gold: the history of a Lesbian community [Buffalo] (1993) (b) Kevin Porter and Jeffrey Weeks (ed.) Between the Acts: lives of homosexual men 1885 - 1967 (1991)

  4. Dissident Sexualities: in licit and illicit imageries of masculinity and femininity, bisexuality, transgendered, cross-dressed, sexual communism, s/m and fetichisms (possibly a viewing of the Canadian film Outrageous! video at York) Sharon Malinowski and Christa Brelin, The gay and lesbian literary companion, Detroit, Visible Ink, 1995.

    reading week FEBRUARY 18 - 22, 2002

  5. Sexual dissidences in South America. Richard C. Trexler, Sex and Conquest: Gendered Violence,Political Order, and the European Conquest of the Americas, (1995)

  6. The 1960s - 1980s in Canada and the U.S.A.: 14 May 1969 and Third Reading of Bill C-150 in the Canadian Federal Parliament; Stonewall in NYC (1969) and the 5 February 1981 Toronto Baths Raid: Blasius and Phelan See also Vito Russo, The Celluloid closet: homosexuality in the Movies, New York, Harper, 1981; PN1995.9/H55R8/1981 Edward A. Lacey, Path of snow: poems 1951 - 1973, n.p. The Ahasuerus Press [1974] pp. 133; -- Later Poems 1973 - 1978, Scarborough Ont., Catalyst, 1978; John Grube, "`No more shit': the struggle for democratic gay space in Toronto" in G.B.Ingram et al. Queers in Space: communities, public places, sites of resistance, Seattle, 1997, 127 - 145; Jim Egan, Breaking the conspiracy of Silence, Toronto, Clga, 1998. Donald W. McLeod, Lesbian and Gay Liberation in Canada: a Selected Annotated Chronology, 1964 - 1975, Toronto, Homewood, 1996.

  7. Lesbians in the Twentieth Century: Blasius and Phelan; renée c. hoogland, Lesbian Configurations, New York, Columbia, 1997.

  8. Interracial sexualities. Rudi C. Bleys, The Geography of Perversion: Male-to-male Sexual Behaviour Outside the West and the Ethnographic Imagination 1750 - 1918, New York, 1996.

  9. Becki Ross, The House that Jill Built, Toronto, 1995; Elspeth Cameron, No Previous Experience: a Memoir of Love and Change, Toronto 1997. "When Night is Falling" Lesbian film shot in Toronto.

PRESENTATIONS Sessions 9 - 12.

last class April 4, 2002


"The Kiss" By Crawford Barton.

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