Do English Canadian Hockey Teams Discriminate Against French Canadian Players?
Canadian Public Policy Volume 23, #2, June 1997, pp. 212-216.

Abstract: Longley (1995) found that French Canadian players exhibited significantly lower wages than other players on English Canadian teams. We demonstrate that this effect was primarily due to the fact that all but one of the French Canadian players in his sample played for the Toronto Maple Leafs who, at the time, underpaid virtually all their players. Accounting for this, and examining other years, we do not find support for the hypothesis that French Canadian players were underpaid on English Canadian teams.