ENG 440Y1Y L5101
Department of English / University of Toronto
Studies in Renaissance Literature and Language
This advanced seminar course studies representative plays, poetry,
and prose from the English Renaissance in the context of the language
of the period, Early Modern English. These literary works demonstrate the great
artistic and intellectual richness of their period, but they cannot be understood
without knowing the linguistic theory and practice accepted unselfconsciously
by speakers of Early Modern English. The language of Shakespeare might as well be a foreign tongue to most modern readers.
Expertise in understanding this older English is not easily won. It will not be
had only by reviewing the Oxford English Dictionary and the annotations of modern
editors, although both are a good start. We need original language materials
of the period, such as Early English Books Online and the Early Modern
English Dictionaries Database (EMEDD). Our goal is to interpret selected literary works
as contemporaries would have. To do so, we will have to relearn our language
as if we lived 400 years ago.
- Instructor: Ian Lancashire
- Course meetings: Wednesday 6-8, Wetmore Hall 51B
- Office Location: New College, Wetmore Hall, Room 122
- Office Hours: Wednesday 12-2
- Phone Number: 416-978-8279 (voice mail)
- Email: email@example.com
- Web Site Address: www.chass.utoronto.ca/~ian/index.html
Most of our texts are now available on-line, but not in editions with
the most scholarly commentary. Rather than buy many individual
editions (anthologies no longer exist outside the Norton), we will jointly use the on-line versions but individually carry to class
whatever English Renaissance editions we may have in our personal libraries from
previous courses or we can borrow from university libraries. Everyone, however,
must have Görlach's Introduction. It is available from the Bob Miller
Bookroom on Bloor and Avenue Road.
- Manfred Görlach, Introduction to Early Modern English (1991)
- Sir Thomas More, Richard
III; see also facsimile
- Sir Thomas Wyatt, selected
- Thomas Wilson, The Arte of Rhetorique (1553)
- Elizabeth I, poems
- Sir Philip Sidney, The
Defence of Poesy and Astrophel and Stella
- John Lyly, Galathea;
- Edmund Spenser, Shepheards
- Christopher Marlowe, Tamburlaine,
- Shakespeare, Titus
Labour's Lost, Hamlet,
- John Donne, selected
poems (1633; see RPO for notes);
- Ben Jonson, Timber
- Sir Francis Bacon, Essays;
- Thomas Middleton, The
- Richard Burton, Anatomy of Melancholy (EEBO 1621; STC 4159), or
of America edition;
- John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book I,
- and additional selections from linguistic works of the period and from Görlach.
Method of Evaluation
This is an advanced 400-series seminar that proceeds by discussion.
It is not a lecture course. All students must attend the weekly seminar
and participate in discussion.
- Weekly class participation (20%). I take attendance.
- Two term tests (20%) on Nov. 14 and April 10, to be
written in class.
- One seminar report (15%): a report of 30 minutes
on an assigned language text (see schedule).
- First-term and second-term essays of 2,500 words, on topics of a
literary-linguistic nature to be worked out the student and me (20% and 25%).
- September 12:
- September 19:
Readings: Görlach, "Introduction," pp. 1-7; Rigg (Genesis 3:1-19); More's Richard III
- September 26:
Readings: Rigg (Matthew 5:1-10); Wyatt's poetry (RPO).
- October 3:
Readings: Görlach, "Varieties of Early Modern English," pp. 8-41; translations of Boethius by Elizabeth I (in Rigg); and poems (RPO)
- October 10:
Readings: Spenser's "April," Shepherds Calendar (1579).
Seminar report 1: Sir Thomas Elyot's Dictionary (1538; STC 7659).
- October 17:
Readings: Görlach, "Writing and Spelling," pp. 42-60; Lyly's Galathea (ca. 1585-88)
Seminar report 2: Thomas Wilson's Rhetoric (1553; STC 25799; in EEBO).
- October 24:
Readings: Sidney's Astrophel and Stella (before 1587)
Seminar report 3: the William Lily and John Colet grammar (1567; STC 15614).
- October 31:
Readings: Görlach, "Inflectional Morphology," pp. 79-94; Sidney's Defence of Poesy (before 1587)
Seminar report 4: Richard Mulcaster's Elementarie (1581)
- November 7:
Readings: Marlowe's Tamburlaine Part I (ca. 1587)
Seminar report 5: R. Carew's "
Excellency of the English Tongue" (ca. 1595)
Proposed topic for 1st-term essay due
- November 14:
Readings: Görlach, "Syntax," pp. 95-135;
Term test 1
- November 21:
Readings: Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus (ca. 1593)
Seminar report 6: John Gerard's Herball (EEBO), STC 11750;
- November 28:
Readings: Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus
Seminar report 7: Edmund Coote's
- December 5:
Readings: Görlach, "Vocabulary," pp. 136-210; Shakespeare's Love's Labour's Lost (ca. 1595)
Seminar report 8: John Florio's Worlde of Wordes (1598; part of EMEDD)
First-term essay due
- January 9:
Readings: John Donne's poetry (RPO and SCETI)
Seminar report 9: Richard Rowland's Restitution of Decayed Intelligence (1605; STC 21361)
- January 16:
Readings: Shakespeare's Hamlet (1603)
Seminar report 10: Francis Bacon's Advancement of Learning (1605; Renascence)
- January 23:
Readings: Shakespeare's Hamlet (1603)
Seminar report 11: John Cowell's Interpreter (1607; STC 5900)
- January 30:
Readings: Middleton's Revenger's Tragedy (1607)
Seminar report 12: John Woodal's Surgions Mate (1617; STC 25962)
- February 6:
Readings: Middleton's Revenger's Tragedy
Seminar report 13: John Minsheu's Ductor in Linguas (1617; STC 17944)
- February 13:
Readings: Shakespeare's Sonnets (1609)
Seminar report 14: Randle Cotgrave's French-English dictionary (1611; part of EMEDD; EEBO)
- February 20: Reading Week -- no class
- February 27:
Readings: Ben Jonson's Alchemist (1610)
Seminar report 15: King James' Bible (1611)
Proposed topic for 2nd-term essay due
- March 6:
Readings: Ben Jonson's Timber, or Discoveries (1640)
Seminar report 16: Henry Cockeram's Dictionarie (1623; part of EMEDD; EEBO)
- March 13:
Readings: Burton's Anatomy (1621)
Seminar report 17: Jonson's English grammar (1640; STC 14754)
- March 20:
Readings: Bacon's Essays (1597-1625)
Seminar report 18: William Strachey, The Historie of Travell into Virginia Britania
(1612), ed. Louis B. Wright and Virginia Freund, Hakluyt Soc., 2nd series, CIII (London: Hakluyt Society, 1953);
- March 27:
Readings: Bacon's Essays
Seminar report 19: John Smith's Accidence for the Sea (1624; STC 22784; in EEBO)
- April 3:
Readings: Milton's Paradise Lost, Book I
second-term essay due
Seminar report 20: Hobbes'
- April 10: summary
term test 2
Selected Printed Books
- Abbott, E. A. 1870. A Shakespearian Grammar. Reprinted New York: Dover, 1966. PR
3075 A4 Robarts
- Barber, Charles L. 1976. Early Modern English. London: Deutsch. PE 1081 B3 Robarts
- Bailey, Richard W., ed. 1978. Early Modern English: Additions and Antedatings to the Record of
English Vocabulary 1475-1700. New York: Georg Olms Verlag. PE 891 E3 Robarts
- Bailey, Richard W. Images of English: A Cultural History of the Language. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1991. PE 1072 B33 1991
- Bailey, R. 1980. "Progress toward a Dictionary of Early Modern English 1475-1700." In W.
Pijnenburg and F. de Tollenaare, eds. Proceedings of the Second International Roundtable on
Historical Lexicography. Dordrecht: Foris.
- Blake, N. F. 1983. Shakespeare's Language: An Introduction. London: Macmillan. PR
3075 B55 1983 Robarts
- Cercignani, Fausto. 1981. Shakespeare's Works and Elizabethan Pronunciation. Oxford:
Clarendon Press. PR 3081 C4 Robarts
- Corns, Thomas N. 1990. Milton's Language. Oxford: Blackwell. PR 3596 C67 1990 Robarts
- Dent, R. W. 1981. Shakespeare's Proverbial Language: An Index. Berkeley: University of
California Press. PR 2892 D43 1980 Robarts
- Dent, R. W. 1984. Proverbial Language in English Drama Exclusive of Shakespeare, 1495-1616:
An Index. Berkeley: University of California Press. PR 658 P73D46 1984 GENR
- Dobson, Eric John. English Pronunciation, 1500-1700. 2nd edn. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
PE 1137 D58 1968 Robarts
- Finkenstaedt, T. Chronological English Dictionary. Heidelberg: Winter, 1970. PE 1691 F5 GENR
- Kökeritz, Helge. 1953. Shakespeare's Pronunciation. New Haven: Yale University
Press. PR 3081 K6 Robarts
- Onions, C. T. 1986. A Shakespeare Glossary. Rev. by Robert D. Eagleson. Oxford:
Clarendon Press. PR 2892 O6 1986 c. 1 GENR
- Pyles, Thomas. The Origins and Development of the English Language. 4th ed. San Diego: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1993. PE 1075 P9 1993, SCAR, VUPT
- Ronberg, Gert. 1992. A Way with Words: the Language of English Renaissance Literature.
London: Edward Arnold. PE 877 R66 1992 Robarts
- Schäfer, Jürgen. 1980. Documentation in the OED: Shakespeare and Nashe as Test
Cases. Oxford: Clarendon Press. PE 1625 M7S3 Robarts
- Schäfer, Jürgen. 1989. Early Modern English Lexicography. Oxford:
Clarendon Press. 2 vols. PE 891 S34 1989 Robarts General Reference
- Spevack, M. 1973. The Harvard Concordance to Shakespeare. Cambridge, Mass. PR 2892
S683 1973 Robarts
- Strang, Barbara. A History of English. London: Methuen, 1970.
PE 1075 S85 Robarts
Selected On-line Resources