The following works, although not
contributed to my reflection on matters sensory and
Many yield a bon mot.
Abercrombie, Nicholas, Stephen Hill and Bryan S.
The Dominant Ideology Thesis. London:
& Unwin, 1980.
Abrams, M.H. The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic
the Critical Tradition. New York: Oxford
"The endemic disease of analogical thinking,
hardening of the categories."
Ackerman, Diane. A Natural History of the
New York, Random House, 1990; Vintage, 1991.
"Our senses, which feel so personal and impromptu,
at times to divorce us from other people, reach far
They're an extension of the genetic chain that connects
everyone who has ever lived; they bind us to other
people and to
animals, across time and country and
Bal, Mieke. Reading "Rembrandt" Beyond
Image Opposition. The Northrop Frye Lectures in
Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
"The work no longer stands alone; now the viewer
acknowledge that he or she makes it work, and that the
no longer still but tells the story of its making. That
narrativity does to a work of art, be it visual or
Barfield, Owen. Saving the Appearances: a Study
Idolatry. London: Faber & Faber 1957. NY:
Jovanovich . 2nd ed. Middleton, Conn: Wesleyan
"I do not perceive any thing with
organs alone, but with a great part of my whole human
[...] with all sorts of other things like mental
imagination, feeling and (to the extent at least that
the act of
attention involve it) will."
Bateson, Gregory. Steps to an Ecology of Mind:
Essays in Anthropology, Psychiatry, Evolution, and
Epistemology. Northvale, N.J., London: Jason
1972, rpt 1987.
"The royal road to consciousness and objectivity
language and tools."
Black, Max. Models and Metaphors: Studies in
Philosophy. Ithaca: Cornell University Press,
"Perhaps every science must start with metaphor
and end with
algebra; and perhaps without metaphor there would never
Boone, Elizabeth Hill and Walter D. Mignolo, eds.
Without Words: Alternative Literacies in Mesoamerica
Andes. Durham and London: Duke University
Bruce, Donald David. De l'intertexutalité
l'interdiscursivité: évolution d'un concept
théorique Diss. University of Toronto,
There is something puzzling about the use Bruce makes
feedback system. He does so in the context of
Ricoeur's distinction between reference in oral and
contexts. [Ricoeur, "The Model of the Text:
action considered as text." John B. Thompson,
Hermeneutics and the Social Sciences.
Paris: Éditions de la maison des sciences de
l'homme/Cambridge University Press, 1981, 1997-221.]
assigns feedback to oral context:
Ces mécanismes verbaux et non-verbaux
comme une sorte de "mécanisme de
contrôle en retour" (angl.: feedback
system), car les locuteurs peuvent, à
moment, revenir sur les propos déjà
I think such attributions of feedback to oral
similar attribution to written situations resides in a
presupposition of body to body communication, that is
Group mind applied to oral situations would
complicate the application of a point-to-point
to communication situations.
Broad band broadcasting as an other
model changes the relation between noise and message.
Butler, Octavia O. Adulthood Rites. New
Warner, 1988. Second volume of the Xenogenesis
As in much of Butler's work, this volume thematizes the
organisation of sensory modalities and reproductive
Colie, Rosalie L. Paradoxica Epidemica: The
Tradition of Paradox. Princeton, NJ.: Princeton
University Press, 1966.
"In most situations of ordinary life, words are by
convention regarded as adequate, are taken as
"matching" reality, and verbal language is
regarded as the proper medium into which experience is
translated or transliterated. Love questions all these
assumptions: love forces us back upon the fundamental
experience, subject to its own rules and inexpressible
Colilli, Paul. Signs of the Hermetic
Monograph Series of the Toronto Semiotic Circle Number
Toronto: Toronto Semiotic Circle, 1993.
Chatwin, Bruce. The Songlines. London:
Chaytor, Henry John. From Script to Print: An
to Medieval Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge
Press, 1945. Reprinted in 1950 under the title
to Print: An Introduction to Medieval Vernacular
"[T]he sirventes was a poetical
constructed as the love song, and concerned with social
political satire; these songs broadcasted by jongleurs
passed from mouth to mouth, and, as what we call
was scarce and slow in transit, exercised a
influence upon general opinion. The political sirventes
Bertran de Born are well known; the personal sirventes
de Berguedan rival the best efforts of Dr.
Interesting to juxtapose these remarks against
Hitler and radio.
Coste, Didier. Narrative as
Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1989.
Introducing his section on "Narrative through
Media" he writes
"Although our operational theorization
cannot proceed pictorially or musically, it does
operations of pictorial and musical narrative cognition
not the same as linguistic operations
not necessarily mere preliminaries; they share certain
and processes of dissociation, association, comparison,
and so forth, that permit transposition up to a point,
require a particularly careful comparative
Going from narrative to communication Coste clings to
divisions which would be impossible if the syntagm were
theorize from communication to narrative.
Davidson, Mark. Uncommon Sense: The Life and
Ludgwig von Bertalanffy Father of General Systems
Los Angeles: J.P. Tarcher, 1983.
"A system is a manifestation of something
quite real, called organization. A system, like a work
of art, is
a pattern rather than a pile. Like a piece of music,
arrangement rather than an aggregate. Like a marriage,
relationship rather than an encounter."
Davidson pushes his dichotomy a bit far. Organization,
arrangement and encounter can all be similar.
Encounters can be
and usually are systematic.
Delany, Samuel R. The Mad Man. New York:
"Thoughts are never not clothed
--- or, rather, that's not the relation between thought
words: the relation between a body and a suit of
is part of language. But everything we perceive, either
our senses, or through our bodily feelings, or through
the dark with our eyes closed, remembering or thinking
figuring, is the "meaning"
language. So a thought doesn't come "without
comes first as simple language --- simple meanings, if
Then, what we call "thinking about it" is
arrival of more complex language that
on it --- that's all. Once the elaborated language has
remember the simpler language as somehow
Delany, Samuel R. Stars in My Pocket Like Grains
Sand. New York, Bantam Books, 1984.
For a peculiar problematization of the couple and
especially the chapter entitled "A Dragon
two characters, Rat Korga and Mark Dyeth, project
the phenomenological space of an other species and the
interaction is witnessed by a third.
Dissanayake, Ellen. Homo Aestheticus. Where Art
and Why. New York: The Free Press, 1992.
Driven by a narrative of evolution as a story of
control over uncertainty, she neglects the aspects of
related to the generation of problems or the making of
Her argument is almost ruined by this onesideness.
Such a narrative also influences her take on
"Writers cannot presume shared knowledge, so they
explict where a speaker is implicit; precise and
careful where a
speaker can be careless; streamlined and sparse where a
can be redundant."
François Rabelais and Thomas Pynchon spring to
counter examples. There are also some odd genderings of
word/image dichotomy. She claims
"traditional women's arts tend to be diagrammatic
geometric, showing the networks of social relationships
women participate, while men's arts are narrative and
descriptive, showing their roles as warriors, hunters
(236, n. 21)
Eagleton, Terry. Walter Benjamin or Towards a
Revolutionary Criticism. London: NLB, 1981.
He notes that Eliot and Leavis cast a contrast between
Milton in terms of an auditory and visual dichotomy.
Eco, Umberto. The Limits of
Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.
"[t]he double metaphor of the world as a text and
a text as
a world has a venerable history. To interpret means to
the text of the world or to the world of a text by
Or I might add to react by refusing to produce other
See de Lauretis on action versus disposition for
Erasmus, Desiderius. Patristic Scholarship: The
St. Jerome. Collected Works of Erasmus V. 61.
translated by James F. Brady and John C. Olin
Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992.
From the preface to Volume II of Erasmus's edition of
"[...] style is at once an imaging of the mind in
facet. It is like physical propagation, where parental
appear in the offspring."
Thanks to Matt DeCoursey for this reference.
Is there a correlation between mimesis, poesis and
the range of reproductive
models that accompany them?
Frankel, Hans F. "Poetry and Painting: Chinese
Views of their Convertability." Comparative
Literature 9:4 (Fall 1957). 289-307.
"Naturally, the arduous technical training
calligraphy, with its disciplined control of brush
lines, was also an excellent preparation for
Freud, Sigmund. Civilization and its
Trans. J. Strachey. New York: Norton, 1961.
"With every tool man is perfecting his own organs,
removing the limits to their functioning ... Man has,
as it were,
become a kind of prosthetic God."
Gifford, Don. The Farther Shore. A Natural
Perception, 1798-1984. New York, Vintage, 1991.
Full of wonderful anecdotes. Of which,
"And there is always the story of the child who
the radio to television because he could see the
picture so much
Gonsalez-Crussi, F. The Five Senses. San
Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1989; rpt. New York:
"I believe that the autonomy of the senses would
not be so
dear a concept to us if our scheme of perception had
from Huichole sources. But Huicholes are not
Peyote to them is a sacrament, not a botanical specimen
to a system thick with species, classes, and genera.
Consequently, our theoretical scheme of sense
entirely built by somewhat jejune whites, skeptical in
rational, distrustful of the senses, and systematically
suspicious of any experience that could not be reduced
and abstractions. Which is why we have been living by a
down idea of the life of the senses: a
formula that cannot recognize the intercommunicating
Whatever the origin of the compartmentalized senses,
there is no
doubt about the consequences for cross-cultural
Grimsted, D. "The Purple Rose of Popular Culture
Exploration of Intellectual Kitsch" American
Sharp aphorisms such as
"The opposite sides of intellectual coins commonly
be equally flat"
would have pleased the media guru but perhaps not the
"No one has done more to call attention to the
than Marshall McLuhan. But McLuhan's cleverness has led
toward such heavy-handed and -headed put-ons as
is the Massage --- and [Woody] Allen to his
down of the media sage's pundity in Annie
Others might miss the bite.
Halverson, John. "Goody and the implosion of the
thesis." Man 27 (June 1992) 301-317.
"Only if a conversational model is presupposed for
medium is immediacy distinctive, but such a model is
justified since a great deal of important oral
discourse (such as
story, myth and ritual) is not in that mode."
"Goody's view conflates what we think
and how we think; only the later is
of cognitive theory."
"One unassaiblable point emerges, and this is that
can radically alter one's thoughts, emotions and
Haraway, Donna. "A Manifesto for Cyborgs" in
Coming to Terms: Feminism, Theory,
Politics. ed. by
Elizabeth Weed (London, New York: Routledge, 1989).
"Cyborg imagery can suggest a way out of the maze
dualisms in which we have explained our bodies and our
ourselves. This is a dream not of a common language,
but of a
powerful infidel heteroglossia."
Hewitt, Marsha. "Is Sexism Genetic?"
Generation 16:2 (Spring 1984), 7-14.
A critique of Mary O'Brien.
"What is wrong here is that O'Brien assumes time-
consciousness to be linear; yet there are cultures
which do not
and never have understood time in this way. So then how
consciousness said to be determined by biology?"
"Families create women and men who view each other
of dualistic antagonisms, a necessary fiction which the
order fosters in order to maintain itself."
Hiss, Tony. The Experience of Place. New
"While normal waking consciousness works to
perception, allowing us to act quickly and flexibly by
remain seemingly oblivious to almost everything except
in front of us; simultaneous perception is more like an
a sixth, sense: It broadens and diffuses the beam of
evenhandedly across all the senses so we can take in
around us -- which means sensations of touch and
instance, in addition to all sights, sounds, and
Holub, Robert C. Crossing Borders: Reception
Poststructuralism, Deconstruction. Madison,
University of Wisconsin Press, 1992.
For a succinct statement of the stakes in policing the
of which objects are to be perceived by whom.
"The issue separating them here is thus really one
epistemology as much as of literary theory. Perception
sort is for Fish a mediated activity; it is never
of assumptions," while for Iser, it would appear,
some things that simply exist and must be perceived by
And for a gorgeous phrase,
"the sophistry of the radically skeptical
Huxley, Aldous. The Doors of Perception.
Chatto and Windus, 1954; London: Grafton Books, 1977.
"We live together, we act on, and react to, one
always and in all circumstances we are by ourselves.
go hand in hand into the arena; they are crucified
Embraced, the lovers desperately try to fuse their
ecstasies into a single self-transcending; in
Interfaces 5. 1994. Dijon: Centre de
Image Texte Language, Université de Bourgogne.
This issue is a selection of papers from a 1993
theory of the relation between image and language.
contributes an annotated bibliography.
Jay, Martin. Downcast Eyes: The denigration of
twentieth-century French thought. Berkeley:
California Press, 1993.
A magistral survey that traces
"the detranscendentalization of
"the recorporealization of the
"the revalorization of time over space".
Jay, Nancy. "Gender and Dichotomy,"
Studies 7(1) Spring 1981, pp. 38-56.
Examines two epistles of St. Paul noting the
addressee for appeals based on contradiction versus
Joyce, Michael. "Notes Toward an Unwritten
Electronic Text, "The Ends of Print Culture".
Postmodern Culture 2:1 (Sept. 1991).
"We can re-embody reading if we see that the
network is ours
to inhabit. There are no technologies without
are human structures and modalities."
Odd Heideggerian overtones here.
I prefer to reverse the syntagm:
modalities and structures are tools,
no humanities without
Furthermore, who is the "we" that
disembodied reading in the first place?
Krieger, Murray. Ekphrasis: The illusion of the
sign. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univeristy
"The art that is designated as a natural-sign art,
arts are viewed as forms of representation, is
the art considered closest to nature, when the arts are
modes of human expression"
Krieger points to the Longinian versus the Horation
opposing views on the dependence on external materials
"In the latter consideration [expressionistic
itself, as it realizes itself in the expressions of
dictates that what otherwise was called the
natural-sign arts be
consigned to the category of artifice dependent upon
materials and implements."
McLuhan would represent a contrary movement - the
Lauretis, Teresa. Alice Doesn't: Feminism,
Cinema. Bloomington: Indiana University Press,
"semiosis specifies the mutual overdetermination
perception, and experience, a complex nexus of
constitutive effects between the subject and social
which, in the subject, entail a continual modification
consciousness; that consciousness in turn being the
Lévi-Strauss, Claude. Regarder Écouter
Paris: Plon, 1993.
"L'esprit humain était capable de concevoir
et leurs rapports bien avant que leur existence
lui fût révélée."
The thesis of disenchantment of the world in the wake
technological innovation still produces some beautiful
Lloyd, Genevieve. The Man of Reason:
"Female" in Western Philosophy.
Certainly helps one distinguish between the text of
"In the Sixth Meditation he acknowledged that the
senses, once they have been set aside from the search
for truth -
- where they can only mislead and distort -- are
to our well-being. To trust them is not irrational. He
maintain that we are rational only when exercising
thoughts, engaged in intellectual contemplation and
chains of deduction. Indeed, he thinks it is not
spend an excessive amount of time in such purely
Markham, Sheila H. "Islamic Calligraphy."
Antiquarian Book Monthly Review 16:1 (Jan.
"Islamic literature delights in the image of the
reed as pen
for the calligrapher and instrument for the musician,
revealing man's inner thoughts to the different
The balance is lost in the sentence immediately
"There would be general agreement with Walter
that "all art constantly aspires towards the
Marshall, Stuart. "The Contemporary Political Use
History: The Third Reich" in How Do I Look?
Film and Video. Eds. Bad Object-Choices.
"The problem with homosexuals, as far as the Third
concerned, was the fact that they supposedly did
Marshall contrasts Nazi racial and sexual regulation.
developing a sense of the complexity of reproductive
Miles, Margaret R. Image as Insight: Visual
in Western Christianity and Secular Culture.
Beacon Press, 1985.
Mitchell, W.J.T. Iconology: Image, Text,
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986.
"The point, then, is not to heal the split between
images, but to see what interests and powers it
Mowitt, John. Text: The Genealogy of an
Object. Durhan: Duke University Press, 1992.
Most interesting final chapter which revisits
introduction of movement as a category uniting visual
modes of signification.
Ong, Walter J. Ramus: Method, and the Decay of
from the Art of Discourse to the Art of Reason.
Cambridge, Mass. & London: Harvard University Press,
McLuhan seems to have missed Ong's distinction between
personalist and corporationalist role of the teacher
Ong sets a difference between two types of
knowledge as a move from
one to the other although he admits they continue to
One does not entirely replace the other.
What ever one thinks of
historiography according to dominant modes, the medium
solely dictate the paths of change.
The institution may be a
greater shaper than the medium.
Parker, Andrew. "Unthinking Sex: Marx, Engels,
Scene of Writing" in Fear of a Queer Planet:
Politics and Social Theory. Minneapolis:
Minnesota Press, 1993.
Examines how production is modeled on procreation and
heterosexist consequences of this alignment.
Perron, Paul and Marcel Danesi. A.J. Greimas and
Cognition. Monograph Series of the Toronto
Circle Number 11. Toronto: Toronto Semiotic Circle,
Perron, Paul. Jan Gordon and Marcel Danesi.
and Situations: The "Subjective" Nature of
Revisited." The Toronto Semiotic Circle
Bulletin 2:1 1994.
"It is our view that commonplaces point to an
feature of cognition that can only be described as an
of visual sensory experience into the domain of
In other words, they appear to reveal a tendency to fix
modes of thinking in a kind of "mind-space"
itself an iconic model of the world of sensation."
Why do they privilege the visual mode?
Perhaps they have opted
for focus versus attention.
There may be some
link between iconic model and indexical foreclosure in
"The experientialist approach sees abstract
structures as end-products rather than
starting point is, of course, the level of bodily
emotional feelings captured by basic signifying
indexical and iconic signs). The progression from
conceptual thought that an experientialist approach to
would posit makes it clear that there is a link between
ego-states, perception and conception."
End products vs points of departure -- abstraction is
against physical embodiment of emotion and sensation
belongs with abstraction not sensation because both
abstraction depend upon memory and its testing in
Emotion is a configuration.
Pronger, Brian. The Arena of Masculinity:
Homosexuality, and the Meaning of Sex. 1990;
University of Toronto Press, 1992.
"When the physical and mental come together in
activity, they are intensely and pleasurably merged.
This is a
process in which the abstract nature of thinking
incarnate in actual physical experience."
"[T]he homoerotic paradox is twofold. It is a
being outside the orthodox erotic interpretation of
It is also a paradox in the stricter sense of being a
contradiction; homoerotic desire both reveres and
Robinson, Douglas. "Dear Harold." New
History 20:1 (Autumn 1988).
"Mere temporal priority does not make writers
we [critics] do. If we want to. If we
ourselves to be victimized by institutionalized culture
if we surrender to the parental images our civilization
of its precursors."
Robinson, Douglas. The Translator's Turn.
and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.
"Ethically conceived," translation as a task
upon discovering the significance, commonality and
of somatic response.
Ronell, Avital. The Telephone Book: Technology,
Schizophrenia, Electric Speech. Lincoln:
Nebraska Press, 1989.
"it [telephony] is a place without location from
Rothenberg, Jerome. Shaking the Pumpkin:
Poetry of the Indian North Americas. Revised
York: Alfred Van der Mark, 1986.
This along with the anthology Technicians of the
Sacred offer examples of Rothenberg's concern
with what he
calls "total translation," a term he uses
"for translation (of oral poetry in particular)
into account any or all elements of the original beyond
"Each moment is charged: each is a point at which
coming to surface, where nothing's incidental but
Compare with Hermetic Imagination.
Sanderson, George and Frank Macdonald, eds.
Marshall McLuhan: The Man and His Message.
Golden, Colorado: Fulcrum, Inc., 1989.
In this collection, Walter Ong expresses reservations
McLuhan's use of the term "medium".
I myself now tend to avoid speaking of the oral,
writing, print and electronic "media."
"Medium," something in-between you and
suggests a kind of pipeline transfer of units of
"information" which, even with feedback
loops, is hardly adequate as a description of
communication among human beings. I prefer to
of oral communication and of the technological
transformation of the word by writing, print and
electronics, remembering that human beings
their technologies by making them a part of
We have interiorized writing and print so deeply
we are unaware of them as technological components
our private thinking processes, and we are engaged
rapidly interiorizing the computer in a similar
Total emphasis on interiorization is of course no less
problematic than extension.
Silverman, Kaja. The Acoustic Mirror: The Female
Psychoanalysis and Cinema. Bloomington, Indiana
University Press, 1988.
Examines the politics of synchronization of voice and
classic Hollywood cinema and women's experimental film.
Stein, Gertrude. Narration. Chicago:
Chicago Press, 1935.
The third lecture opens
"Narrative concerns itself with what is happening
time, history concerns itself with what happens from
time. And that is perhaps what is the matter with
that is what is perhaps the matter with
Steiner, Wendy. The Colors of Rhetoric.
University of Chicago Press, 1982.
Silko, Leslie Marmon. Storyteller. New
"The story ends there./ Some of the stories/ Aunt
told/ have this kind of ending./ There are no
Silko, Leslie Marmon. Almanac of the
York: Simon and Schuster, 1991.
"Angelita La Escapˇa imagined Marx as a
worked feverishly to gather together a magical assembly
stories to cure the suffering and evils of the world by
retelling of the stories."
Read this in conjunction with Jack Weatherford.
Stonum, Gary Lee. "Cybernetic Explanation as a
Reading." New Literary History 20:2
"[N]oise and information are both instances of
the signal and hence not phenomenally or logically
"Discriminating between information and noise may
difficult in a given situation, but the discrimination
Strang, Barbara M. Metaphors and Models, an
Lecture delivered before the University of Newcastle on
Monday 12 October, 1964. Newcastle: University
Newcastle on Tyne, 1965.
"[T]he direct connection between theory and
means that we need large numbers of people working in
Quite apart from the fact that languages need to be
because they change so quickly, there will always be a
re-description in terms of different metaphors, models
This leads me to consider the effects of description
and offer a
reticulation (networks spreading
as opposed to
reiteration (implies going over
iteration (treading water).
Relate this to Judith
Schlanger's use for the noise of popularization in
Sullivan, Michael. The Three Perfections:
Painting, Poetry and Calligraphy. London: Thames
Hadson, 1974; rpt. NY: George Braziller, 1980.
"We can only understand the Chinese attitude if we
the picture as the Chinese do, not as a complete
statement in itself, but as a living body, an accretion
qualities, imaginative, literary, historical, personal,
grows with time, putting on an ever-richer dress of
commentary and association with the years."
Is this a fair description of the European emblem book
Taylor, Charles. Sources of the Self: The Making
Modern Identity. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard
"[w]e take as basic that the human agent exists in
Thompson, E.P. The Poverty of Theory and other
essays. London: Merlin Press, 1978.
"[I]t is exactly in conditions when a theory (or
theology) is subject to no empirical controls
disputes about the placing of one term lead on to
parturition: the parturition of intellectual
You do not have to value empirical controls to value
Thompson, Robert Farris. Flash of the Spirit:
Afro-American Art and Philosophy. New York:
Traces the survival of verbal and non-verbal systems of
Trinh, T. Minh-ha. "Grandma's Story" in
Native, Other: Writing Postcoloniality and
Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989.
"The structural activity that does not carry on
between form and content, but emphasizes the
interrelation of the
material and the intelligible, is an activity in which
should remain an unending question [...]"
Vail, Leroy and Landeg White. Power and the
Southern African Voices in History.
University Press of Virginia: 1991.
Opening chapter does much to demystify the
Their notion of metaphor seems akin to the
operations of symbol.
However without the timelessness and
"Metaphors, by fusing abstract concepts with
images, have the characteristic of uniting physical and
metaphysical elements into a rich compound of meaning.
theory, they transcend empiricism, but in an open
cherishing complexity and receptive to fresh expression
Virilio, Paul. L'espace critique. Paris:
Bourgois Editeur, 1984.
"Dimensionner c'est en quelque sorte
Weatherford, Jack. Indian Givers: How the Indians
Americas Transformed the World. New York:
Engels inspired by Iroquois Confederacy and kinship
Worth examining this material for part of the
sensory organization and trace its epistemological
Wellek, René. "The Concept of Evolution in
History" in For Roman Jakobson.
et al. compilers. The Hague: Mouton, 1956.
"We are expected to forget that novelty need not
or essential, that there may be, after all, original
Wellek, René. Four Critics: Croce,
Valéry, Lukács, and
Ingardern. Seattle and London: University of
"He elaborately distinguishes between different
reading: passive, mere enjoyment, for amusement; and
reading, which assumes two forms -- reading which has
as its aim
an investigative, intellectual grasp of the work, or,
reading which submits to the aesthetic qualities. Much
is spent in differentiating between these different
reading, although, I think, it would be difficult in
keep them apart, to prevent their mixing and our
Wellek, René. "The Parallelism between
Literature and the
Arts." English Institute Annual
York: Columbia University Press, 1942. 29-63.
"The various arts -- the plastic arts, literature,
-- have each their individual evolution, with a
and a different internal structure of elements. No
doubt they are
in constant relationship with each other, but these
are not influences which start from one point and
evolution of the other arts; they have to be conceived
a complex scheme of dialectical relationships which
ways, from one art to another and vice
and may be completely transformed within the art which
Wellbery, David E. Lessing's Laocoon: Semiotics
Aesthetics in the Age of Reason. Cambridge:
University Press, 1984.
"Lessing's most important theoretical writing
Laocoon, the Hamburgische
(1767) describes the locus of this convergence [between
and painting]: "The art of the actor occupies a
position between the plastic arts and
Wilden, Anthony. System and Structure: Essays in
Communication and Exchange. Second Edition.
Useful notion: punctuation of social reality.
between dialectic and feedback.
"A phenomenological approach to communication
explicitly assumes that all behaviour is
Willis, Susan. Specifying Black Women Writing
Experience. Madison, Wisconsin: University of
"The body provides a medium for the metaphors of
making these metaphors experientially concrete."
Wilson, Alexander. The Culture of Nature: North
Landscape from Disney to the Exxon Valdez.
Between the Lines, 1991.
"A rhetorical rejection of science, however, with
attention paid to oppositional currents within the
amounts to little more than anti-intellectualism."