Trin/Steg/Askelikot/Steps


balancé (Danish)

May be danced to 2/4 or 3/4 time rhythms. Always danced on the spot.
Right balancé to 2/4-time music: step R to the side (1:1), cross L foot in front of R touching L toe to the floor (1:2), and pull R foot forward to immediately behind L foot (1:3), pause (1:4). Balancé to the left with opposite footwork.
Right balancé to 3/4-time music: step R to the side (1:1), cross L foot in front of R touching L toe to the floor (1:2), and pull R foot forward to immediately behind L foot 1:3). Balancé to the left with opposite footwork.

Beat (2/4-time):      1:1     1:2     1:3     1:4     2:1     2:2     2:3     2:4
M:                     L       R       L               R       L       R
W:                     R       L       R               L       R       L
Beat (3/4-time):      1:1     1:2     1:3     2:1     2:2     2:3
M:                     L       R       L       R       L       R
W:                     R       L       R       L       R       L
See also pas de bas


tospring (Danish) | vikivaka (Icelandic) | attersteg (Norwegian) | open ballad step (English) | branle simple

May be danced to 2/4 or 3/4 time music. There are a number of variations of the vikivaka step, but this is the basic one. All dancers dance same step.

Basic step: step L to L side (1:1), close R (1:2), step L to L side swinging R across in front (1:3), lift (1:4), step R to R side swinging L across in front (2:1), ift (2:2).

Beat (2/4-time):      1:1     1:2     1:3     1:4     2:1     2:2     2:3     2:4    3:1    3:2    3:3    3:4
                       L       R       L      lift     R      lift     L       R      L     lift    R     lift   etc.
Beat (3/4-time):      1:1     1:2     1:3     2:1     2:2     2:3     3:1     3:2    3:3    4:1    4:2    4:3
                       L       R       L      lift     R      lift     L       R      L     lift    R     lift   etc.
See YouTube video.


chassé (Danish) | vaihtoaskelikko (Finnish) | bytomfotsteg (Norwegian) | fotombytesteg (Finnish Swedish) | tresteg (Swedish) | change step/two-step (English)

Can be done to 2/4, 3/4, or 4/4 music.
M and W do the same step at the same time, but with opposite footwork when dancing as a couple. Step: eg starting with outside foot (ML/WR), step forward on outside foot (1:1), step inside foot slightly forward of outside foot (1:2), step forward on outside foot (1:3), lift (svikt) (1:4)

To 3/4-time music:
Beat:     1:1   1:2   1:3       2:1   2:2   2:3    
Man:      L     R     L-svikt   R     L     R-svikt
Woman:    R     L     R-svikt   L     R     L-svikt

To 2/4-time music:
Beat:     1:1   1:2   1:3   1:4     2:1   2:2   2:3   2:4
Man:      L     R     L     svikt   R     L     R     svikt
Woman:    R     L     R     svikt   L     R     L     svikt


kvilesteg (Norwegian) | closed ballad step (English)

Usually danced to 2/4 time music. M and W do same step at same time. Related to open ballad step.
Step forward (in LOD) on L foot (count 1), step on R slightly in front on L (count 2), step forward on L (count 3), with good lift (svikt) bounce again on L foot while touching ball of R foot beside L (count 4), step forward on R (count 5), with good life (svikt) bounce again on R foot while touching ball of L foot beside R foot (count 6). The amount of forward movement on count 2 varies with different groups. Also, although it is not considered proper form, some groups dance slightly in toward centre on count 5. The 6 count pattern repeats without regard to phrasing in the music.


forgangen nats trin (Danish)

Usually danced to 2/4 time music. A variation of step-hop.
Normally beginning with outside (ML/WR) foot: step forward on outside foot (1), chug backward on outside foot (ie hop on outside foot while sliding it backward) (1 &), while swinging inside foot forward to repeat with opposite footwork (2 &).


galop (Danish) | galoppi (Finnish) | galopp (Swedish-speaking Finland) | galopp (Norwegian) | gallop (Swedish)

Danced to 2/4 time music.
A polka in a fast tempo. Steps are the same as polka, but the hop is more pronounced and both steps and hop travel farther.


glissadetrin (Danish)

Similar to sidestep but danced forwards or backwards, but are longer and smoother.
Step forward with (usually) outside foot (1:1), close inside foot to outside foot. Repeat as required. - note that when more than one glissadetrin is danced sequentially, it is always the same foot that leads on the first beat.


hambo (Danish, Finnish, Swedish), springpols (Norwegian)

This refers to a generic R-foot 3-step turn. See also pols/polska variants for the L-foot 3-step turn.
One hambo step comprises a full (360-degree) couple turn done with 3 physical foot movements. Danced to 3/4-time music in hambo/springpols rhythm. Turn is most commonly CW but may also be done CCW.
W dances the Man's pols/polska step, while M starts on his R foot. Ie the step is the same for M and W, but each starts at a different spot in the step sequence. The step onto the R foot alone (ie not 'both') is done forwards in the LOD. On both, the feet are apart, to allow room for the partner's R foot between. The hambo turn can also be danced in reverse, with opposite footwork to the following.

Beat:     1     2     3      1     2     3
Man:      R     L    both    R     L    both
Woman:    L    both   R      L    both   R
One complete hambo sequence is danced over 8 bars of 3/4-time hambo music. It consists of 2 dalsteg beginning stepping onto outside (ML/WR) foot and moving forward in LOD holding inside hands (1-2), followed by a tresteg, 4 turning hambo steps in polska hold (4-7), and a final tresteg forward in LOD again holding inside hands (8). Note: on bar 4, M swings 1/2 turn CW to face partner. This is a generic version of the hambo; there are numerous variants. Steps are small and bouncy.

See YouTube videos of hambo: 1, 2, 3.


hoppavalssi (Finnish)

Note: there are a number of variatios of hoppavalssi. This version turns CCW while moving in LOD.

Danced to 2/4 time music. One full turn is danced over 2 bars of music.
M steps back on L foot in LOD (1:1), close R to L foot while turning 1/2 turn CW (1:3) (ie, pivot on heels), step forward on R (2:1), close L to R and turn CW (2:3). W starts forward on R foot, and dances opposite footwork. Tanhuvakka p. 52]
An alternative description reads: M steps around W on R (1:1), and around W on L (1:3), close R to L (2:1), and pivot CW on heels (2:3). W closes R to L (1:1), pivots CW on heels (1:3), step around partner on R (2:1), and around partner on L (1:3). [Jussi Aronen and Lennu Yläneva for Stockton folk dance camp 1999]

Beat:        1:1     1:3     2:1     2:3     3:1     3:3     4:1     4:3
Man:          R       L      both   pivot     R       L      both   pivot
Woman:       both   pivot     R       L      both   pivot     R       L
See video


hopsa (Danish)

Danced to 2/4 time music.
Ocassionally described as a waltz step done to polka rhythm, or as a polka step, but beginning with a leap, rather than ending with a hop. Movement is forward and back, rather than side to side as in polka. It is very bouncy.
Can be danced forward, backwards, or turning, either CW or CCW as a couple. May be preceded by one or two tyrolertrin. When turning, two full steps equal one full turn.
Man: leap onto L foot, slightly to the side and with a slight dip (1:1), close R foot to and slightly behind L (1:2), L beside R (1:3), pause on L, raising R ready to leap onto it (1:4); leap onto R foot, slightly to the side and with a slight dip (2:1), close L foot to and slightly behind R (2:2), R beside L (2:3), pause on R, raising L ready to leap onto it (2:4). Woman uses opposite footwork.

Beat:     1:1     1:2     1:3      1:4     2:1     2:2     2:3      2:4
Man:       L       R       L                R       L       R
Woman:     R       L       R                L       R       L
Steps are small and bouncy.

See YouTube videos 1, 2, 3 (at 21:42), 4 (at 16:40)


humppa (Finnish)

Danced to 2/4 time music.
Similar to Danish hopsa but steps are longer. Two main types, 'regular' humppa, which is a two-step, and kävelyhumppa, which is simply a running step.
Videos: 'regular' humppa and kävelyhumppa.


hurretrin/gammelmandstrin/svingtrin (Danish) | polska step 1 (Finnish-Swedish) | kadriljomdansnings-steg/hurrar (Swedish)| buzz-step (English)

Danced with partner on the spot, or in a larger multi-dancer circle, turning either CW or CCW (reverse buzz-step), usually to either 2/4 or 3/8 time. Step is the same for M and W.
When danced with a partner, normally in waltz hold, standing facing and slightly to the L of partner.
Turning CW, R foot turns on the spot [toe pointing at partner], while L foot 'pushes'. When turning CCW (reverse), stand slightly to R of partner, reverse footwork.
When dancing with more dancers, moving CW R foot is crossed infront of L, R toe pointing into centre of circle, and R foot is moved only a little CW, for each step L takes. Opposite footwork when moving CCW.
When changing from buzz step to reverse buzz step, do a small lift/hop on R foot, while swinging L foot across in front of R on first beat of the bar.

2/4 time:               1:1     1:2     1:3      1:4    2:1   2:2     2:3     2:4
M/W, turning CW:         R       L       R        L      R     L       R       L
M/W, turning CCW:        L       R       L        R      L     R       L       R
3/8 time:               1:1     1:2     1:3      2:1     2:2     2:3
M/W, turning CW:         R               L        R               L
M/W, turning CCW:        L               R        L               R


hyllytys (Finnish) | two-step balance/waltz balance (English)

Danced to 2/4 time music. May be danced forward or backward, or turning CW or CCW. May be danced singly or with a partner. 1 bar of music=1 hyllytys step.
M dances forward L (1:1), close R to L and rise onto ball of foot (1:2) lower heels back onto floor (1:3), pause (1:4). Second step begins with R foot. Woman's footwork is opposite.

Beat:                   1:1     1:2     1:3      1:4    2:1   2:2     2:3     2:4
Man:                     L      both ^ lower    pause     R   both ^ lower  pause   where ^ denotes a rise onto balls of both feet.
Woman:                   R      both ^ lower    pause     L   both ^ lower  pause


rheinlænder polka/fynbo/rigsforsamlingen (Danish) | jenkka/sottiisi (Finnish) | reinlender/schottis (Norwegian) | schottis/ringländer (Swedish)

Danced to 2/4 or 4/4 time music. May be danced forward or backward, or turning CW or CCW. May be danced singly or with a partner. Normally consists of two bars of introductory step moving in the line of dance (LOD), followed by two bars of couple turn. A very old structure, dating back at least to the 1700s, (dantz & proportion) in which the introductory steps were commonly in 2/4-time, while the couple turn was in 3/4-time, while now both parts are commonly in 2/4 time.

Introductory step: M dances forward L (1:1), forward R (1:2), forward L (1:3), hop or lift (1:4) depending on the feel of the music. W dances the same, but with opposite footwork. There are many variations on this basic format.

Beat:                   1:1     1:2     1:3      1:4    2:1   2:2     2:3     2:4
Man:                     L       R       L        ^      R     L       R       ^
Woman:                   R       L       R        ^      L     R       L       ^       (where ^ denotes a hop or lift)
In jenkka, reinlender and schottis, the above steps are danced forward in the LOD. In Danish rheinlænder polka/fynbo, the first bar is danced forward in the LOD, the second danced in the RLOD.

Couple turn: The two bars of couple CW turn, normally consist of pivot steps, two-steps, or step-hops turning CW and moving in LOD, or a CCW turn with stegvals/stigvals, or two-steps.

Modern versions (rheinlænder polka, jenkka reinlender, schottis) tend to be played at a faster tempo and 'feel' bouncy. Older versions (sottiisi, gammel reinlender, gammal schottis, etc) tend to be played at a slower tempo and danced more smoothly.

See: rheinlænder polka, rigsforsamlingen, gammel reinlender, jenkka. sottiisi, schottis fra Binga, ringländer från Hede,


Jydsk på næsen/polonaisetrin (Danish) | pols (Norway)| polska (Swedish)

Usually danced with partner, waltz-hold, to 3/4 time music. The step should be smooth and flowing. One bar constitutes one full 360-degree turn. The following describes the Left-foot 3-step turn.
M: L foot forward (infront of and facing partner) and diagonally to the L with heel in the LOD (1:1), turning 1/3 turn CW and stepping R foot behind L about a foot apart (1:2), turning 1/3 turn CW and stepping R forward in the LOD, somewhat to R of L foot (1:3).
W: R foot slightly to side and close L to R (1:1), R a small step to the side, turning 1/4 turn CW (1:2), L foot forward, turning 1/4 turn CW (1:3).

polonaisetrin
Beat:    1:1   1:2   1:3    2:1   2:2   2:3
Man:      L    R-L    R      L    R-L    R
Woman:   R-L    R     L     R-L    R     L
'Left foot' pols/polska variations
Beat:    1:1   1:2   1:3    2:1   2:2   2:3
Man:      L    both   R      L    both   R
Woman:   both   R     L     both   R     L
'Right foot' pols/polska variations
Beat:    1:1   1:2   1:3    2:1   2:2   2:3
Man:      R     L    both   R      L    both
Woman:    L    both   R     L     both   R   

See videos of (N) 'generic' pols, pols fra Finnskogen, fra Røros


kantavarvashyppely (Finnish) | heel-toe (English)

Turn body to L, hop onto L foot crossing R foot in front and touching R heel to the floor (1), then R toe to the floor close to L foot (2). Repeat required number of times. Turn to R, and touching L heel to floor (1) followed by L toe to floor close to R foot (2). Repeat required number of times.


mazurka (Danish) | potkumasurkka (Finnish) | polkamasurkasteg (Swedish-speaking Finland) | fryksdalssteg (Swedish)

Normally done to 3/4 time music.
M and W do same step at same time but with opposite footwork.
Step: step forward on outside foot (1), close inside foot to outside foot (2), hop on inside foot while swinging outside foot forward and snapping it back towards other shin (3).
Note: in the Finnish potkumasurkka step, the inside foot is closed behind the outside foot and the outside foot is swung forward on (2) rather than on (3).

Beat:     1:1     1:2     1:3      2:1     2:2     2:3
Man:       L       R     R-hop      L       R     R-hop
Woman:     R       L     L-hop      R       L     L-hop


menuet/mollevet/mollevit/monevit (Danish) | menuett (Finnish) | menuet (Swedish)

Danced to 3/4 time music. Originally it was a couple dance. When many couples are dancing, they are in lines, M in one line facing their partners in the opposite line.
M and W do same step at same time but with same footwork: R forward (1), close L to R (2), L forward (3), R forward (4), L forward (5), close R to L (6). The mollevet/mollevit step is danced with more lift ('svikt') than a menuet step)


menuetvals (Danish) | menuettivalssi (Finland) | slätvals (Swedish-speaking Finland)

Similar to menuet, but danced as either a travelling step or a couple-turning step.
Danced to 3/4 time music, one step is danced over 2 bars of music.
There are local variations, this being only one of them. The 'sweep' is done from the L hip, in an arc outward-forward, with sole of the shoe brushing the floor.G

When danced as a travelling step:

Beat:     1:1     1:2     1:3      2:1     2:2     2:3     
M&W:       R    sweep L    L        R       L    close R  
May be danced with a 1/2 turn CW on either or both of 1:2-1:3 and 2:3.

When danced as a couple turning step:

Beat:     1:1     1:2     1:3      2:1     2:2     2:3     
Man:       R    sweep L    L        R       L    close R  
Woman:     R       L    close R     R    sweep L    L    
Danced with a 1/2 turn CW on 1:2-1:3 and on 2:3, ie one full turn over two bars of music.


omdansningssteg (Swedish)

Similar to Östgötasteg, but danced to 4/4-time music.
Hop onto both feet, about a foot length apart, L foot a little before of R (1:1), pause (1:2), hop onto R foot (1:3), crossing in front of L foot which is lifted up behind (1:3), pause (1:4).


pas de bas (Danish) | hyppyvappuaskele (Finnish) | pas de bas/pas de basque (English)

May be danced to 2/4 or 3/4 time rhythms. Always danced on the spot. Usually, M starts with L foot, W with R, unless otherwise specified.
Left pas de bas, to 2/4-time music: small hop onto L foot (1:1), cross R foot in front of L transferring weight to it briefly, and lift on L (1:2), return weight to L foot behind R with dip on L (1:3), pause (1:4). Pas de bas to the right with opposite footwork.
Left pas de bas to 3/4-time music: step L (1:1), cross R foot in front of L and shift weight to it briefly, with lift on L (1:2), return weight to L foot behind R (1:3). Pas de bas to the right with opposite footwork.

Beat (2/4-time):      1:1     1:2     1:3     1:4     2:1     2:2     2:3     2:4
                       L       R       L               R       L       R
Beat (3/4-time):      1:1     1:2     1:3     2:1     2:2     2:3
                       L       R       L       R       L       R
See also balancé


polka (Danish, Finnish, Swedish, English)

Danced to 4/4-time music.
Polka is a turning step. It can be danced turning either CW or CCW, and moving either in the LOD or RLOD. Two polka steps make one full turn.
Step: Beginning (usually) on outside foot (ML/WR) take a step to the side (1:1), while commencing the turn. Close other foot (1:2). Step sideways again with first foot while continuing the turn (1:3). The polka step finishes with a lift or a hop (1:4), depending on rhythm, and tempo. When several polka steps are danced in succession, the step begins alternately with ML/WR and MR/WL.
Note: M and W do same step at same time but with opposite footwork. Polka is one of the few steps done to the side, rather than forward and back.

Beat:     1:1     1:2     1:3     1:4     2:1     2:2     2:3     2:4
Man:       L    close R    L      hop      R    close L    R      hop 
Woman:     R    close L    R      hop      L    close R    L      hop


polkka (Finnish) | polkette (Swedish)

A polkka or polkette is a couple turning dance, danced in 2/4 time, but closely related to Swedish mazurka. The dance is very bouncy with a bounce on each beat, ie neither foot remains on the ground. Two full polkka steps make one full turn either CW or CCW. The turn is spread over each of the steps.
Normally, M and W do same step at same time but with opposite footwork.
Step: [1st polkka step] Leap onto both feet (1:1), leap onto inside foot (1:2), leap onto outside foot (1:3), and leap (1:4) to land on both feet on beat (2:1) again. [2nd polkka step] Leap onto both feet (2:1), leap onto outside foot (2:2), leap onto inside foot (2:3), and leap (2:4) to land on both feet on beat (3:1).

Beat:     1:1     1:2     1:3     1:4     2:1     2:2     2:3     2:4
Man:      both     R       L       ^      both     L       R       ^
Woman:    both     L       R       ^      both     R       L       ^
See YouTube videos 1, 2.


polska step 2 (Finnish-Swedish) | Östgötasteg (Swedish)

Similar to omdansningssteg but danced to 3/4-time polska rhythms. May be danced moving CW or CCW. M and W dance same step simultaneiously.
When moving CW: step L to the L (1:1), close R to L (1:&) and L to L side (1:2), hop onto R foot, crossing it in front of L foot (1:3). Repeat with same footwork.
When moving CCW, opposite footwork, ie begin stepping R with R foot.


reel (Danish) | enkeliskahyppely (Finnish) | engelska (Swedish) | jig step (US-English)

Danced to 2/4 or 3/4-time music.
Step: On the spot, step onto inside foot behind outside foot (1:1), hop on inside foot moving ('chugging') slightly forward about one foot-length (1:2) while swinging outside foot directly behind heel of inside foot, hop onto outside foot (2:1), hop on outside foot again (2:2), again moving slightly forward. Note that one stays in one spot, so it is imperative to move slightly forward on each hop. Also, the foot behind should be directly behind, not crossed behind.
Normally, M and W do same step at same time but with opposite footwork.

In 2/4-time rhythm:
Beat:     1:1      1:2     2:1     2:2     
Man:       R      hop R     L     hop L  
Woman:     L      hop L     R     hop R  

In 3/4-time rhythm:
Beat:       1:1      1:2      1:3       2:1      2:2      2:3 
Man:      step R    hop R    hop R    step L    hop L    hop L
Woman:    step L    hop L    hop L    step R    hop R    hop R


riijaus (Finnish)

Danced to 2/4 time music.
Step to the side with outside foot (1:1), inside heel to floor crossed in front of outside foot (1:3), inside foot to the side (2:1), outside heel to floor crossed in front of inside foot (2:2) If two or more are done in succession, they are done with opposite footwork. If done as a couple, usually pme begins by stepping onto outside (ML/WR) foot.


sidegangstrin (Danish) | sivuaskelikko (Finland) | side-step (English)

May be danced to 2/4 or 3/4 time music. May be danced to L side or to R side.
To 2/4-time music: Step to side (usually) with L foot (1:1), pause (1:2), close R to L foot (1:3), pause (1:4). Repeat as required.
To 3/4-time music: Step to side (usually) with L foot (1:1), pause (1:2), close R to L foot (1:3). Repeat as required.
Side-steps to R use opposite footwork.


sideløbstrin (Danish) | laukka (Finland) | sidsteg (Swedish) | side-gallop (English)

Danced to 2/4 time music. May be danced to L side or to R side.
To 2/4-time music: Step to side (usually) with L foot (1:1), close R to L foot, (1:2), step to side with L foot (1:3), close R to L foot (1:4). Repeat as required.
Side-gallop steps to R use opposite footwork.


skotsk (Danish)

There are a number of variations to what is called a skotsktrin. This version is from Fyn.
Danced to 2/4 time music, and danced over 4 bars of music. May be danced to L side or to R side. M and W do opposite footwork. Normally M begins stepping onto L foot, while W begins stepping onto R foot.
Skotsk to R: (1:1) step L behind R, (1:2) step R to R side, (2:1) step L behind R, (2:2) step R to R side, (3:1) step L behind R, (3:2) step R to R side, (4:1) step L behind R, (4:2) close R to L, or, if followed by a skotsk step to the L, swing R to behind R.
Skotsk to L: (5:1) step R behind L, (5:2) step L to L side, (6:1) step R behind L, (6:2) step L to L side, (7:1) step R behind L, (7:2) step L to L side, (8:1) step R behind L, (8:2) close L to R, or, if followed by a skotsk step to the R, swing L to behind R.


springforttrin (Danish)

Normally danced to 2/4 time music, but could easily be danced to 3/4 time music as well. 2 steps for one full CW couple rotation.
Back-step: step L foot to L (1:1) while turning 1/4 turn CW, cross R foot behind L (1:2) while continuing CW turn.
Front-step: close L foot to R (1:1) while turning 1/4 turn CW, cross R foot in front of L (1:2) while continuing CW turn. Body weight is mainly on R foot.
When turning as a couple, the hold is a 2-hand hold, crossed or not as dancers prefer, or closed waist-shoulder hold. LOD is CCW around the floor and couple turns CW. M begins with a back-step, W with a front-step. Both alternate back-step and front-step.

Beat:     1:1    1:2    1:3    1:4    2:1    2:2    2:3    2:4
Man:       L    R back   L    R front  L    R back   L    R front
Woman:     L    R front  L    R back   L    R front  L    R back


tospring (Danish) | vikivakka (Island) | branle simple (French)

An old step with roots going back to the 1100s in Skandinavia. Note also that there are a number of variations of vikivakka.
Dancers normally in one closed line, facing slightly L, L arm tucked under R arm of person on the L, own R arm over L arm of person on the R. LOD is to the L.
Normally, M and W do same step at same time.
Step: With line moving to the left, and beginnning with weight on R, step L on L foot in LOD (1), step R either beside, or slightly in front of L (2), step L on L in LOD (3), close R to L (or swing infront of L)(4), step R on R in RLOD (5), close L to R (or swing infront of R)(6). Can also be danced moving to the right, with opposite footwork.
Rhythm is quick-quick-slow-slow (QQS-S-)

Beat:     1     2     3     4     5     6     1     2     3     4     5     6
Man:      L     R     L   close   R   close   L     R     L   close   R   close
Woman:    L     R     L   close   R   close   L     R     L   close   R   close


totrin/svejtrin (Danish) | pisto (Finnish) | pivot (English)

Danced to 2/4 or 3/4 time music. Step forward on R foot (1) heel first and roll up onto ball of foot while turning 180 degrees CW, step back on L foot (3) turning 180 degrees CW on ball of L foot. Ie this is a forward and back motion, not side to side. May be danced individually or more commonly with a partner, in which case the feet should be about one foot apart so that partner can step forward between the feet. If two or more are done in succession, they are done with opposite footwork. If done as a couple, usually M begins on R foot and W on L foot. May also be done turning CCW, in which case footwork is opposite.

Beat:     1:1     1:2     1:3     1:4     2:1     2:2     2:3     2:4
Man:       R               L               L               R
Woman:     L               R               R               L


trippetrin (Danish)

Normally done to 2/4 time music.
Step: Note that there are a number of regional variations. (1) Starting with outside (ML/WR) foot, step firmly a small step to the side (1:1), touch free foot (1:2), step to MR/WL (2:1), touch free foot (2:2).
Normally, M and W do same step at same time but with opposite footwork.

Beat:     1        2        1        2
Man:      L     close R     R     close L
Woman:    R     close L     L     close R


trippevals (Danish) | polkkamasurkka (Finnish) | masurka (Swedish-speaking areas of Finland) | mazurkasteg (Swedish)

A Swedish mazurka is a couple turning dance, danced in 3/4 time, but closely related to Swedish polkett or Finnish polkka, which are both done in 2/4 or 4/4 time. The dance is very bouncy (in Skåne also called 'rumpedarra' or 'butt shaker') with a bounce on each beat. Like a waltz, two full trippevals steps make one full turn either CW or CCW. Unlike a waltz step, in which the turn is on beats (2) and (3), in a mazurka, the turn is mainly on beats (1) and (2).
Normally, M and W do same step at same time but with opposite footwork.
Step: [1st mazurka step] Leap onto both feet (1) (or alternatively, landing on inside foot a split second before the outside foot), leap onto inside foot (2), leap onto outside foot (3). [2nd mazurka step] Leap onto both feet (1) (or alternatively, landing on outside foot a split second before the inside foot), leap onto outside foot (2), leap onto inside foot (3).

Beat:     1:1     1:2     1:3     2:1     2:2     2:3
Man:      both     R       L      both     L       R
Woman:    both     L       R      both     R       L

See YouTube video.


tyrolerkast (Danish) | jalan heilautukset (Finnish) | dalsteg (Swedish) | step-swing (English)

Danced to 2/4 or 3/4 time music. Step on one foot (1), usually 'outside' (ML/WR) foot, swing the other foot slightly across and in front of the weight-bearing foot, with 'svikt' or lift. If two or more are done in succession, they are done with opposite footwork. If done as a couple, usually one begins by stepping onto outside (ML/WR) foot. When done to 3/4-rhythm, count step on outside foot (1:1) and swinging inside foot forward and 'svikt' on outside foot (1:2), svikt down on outside foot (1:3).


tyrolertrin (Danish)

'Tyrolertrin' is mainly used in conjunction with waltz or hopsa. The term refers to the arm and body movements when a couple dances forwards holding inside hands, rather than to a step per se.
On the first step (starting with ML/WR, ie 'outside foot') the joined inside hands move slightly forward as the M and W turn somewhat away from each other. On the second step (starting with 'inside' foot), M and W turn somewhat towards each other, and the inside hands move slightly backwards.

A tyrolervals is a couple dance consisting normally of 4 'tyrolertrin' moving forwards in the LOD (ie 4 bars of 3/4-time music), followed by 4 turning waltz steps (a second 4 bars of music). See video from 1 and 2 from KØST2017.

A tyrolerhopsa is a couple dance consisting normally of 4 'tyrolertrin' moving forwards in the LOD (ie 4 bars of 2/4-time music), followed by 4 turning hopsa steps (a second 4 bars of music).

A tyrolerkast is a step-swing, and can be danced to either hopsa or waltz rhythms.
Normally, M and W do same step at same time but with opposite footwork.


uhtuanaskelle (Finnish)

Danced to 2/4-time rhythms.
1 bar=2 running steps, usually beginning with outside foot, with longer and 'heavier' step on beat (1:1), and shorter and lighter on beat (1:3). When moving forward or CW, longer step is on the L, shorter on the R foot. When moving backward or CCW, longer step is on R, shorter on L foot.


valssi (Finnish) | runddans (Norwegian) | vals (Danish, Swedish) | waltz (English)

Danced to 3/4-time music. Can be danced forwards, backwards, turning CW or CCW.

See YouTube video of Norwegian runddans


varvashyppely (Finnish) | sparksteg (Swedish) | kick step(English)

Danced in place. Feet are alternately brought forward about one foot length with the free foot parallel to the floor. L or R kick-step depending on which foot is on the floor, ie R kick-step means R foot is on the floor L foot is forward off the floor.


varvaskantahyppely (Finnish) | toe-heel (English)

Turn body to L, hop onto L foot with R toe to the floor (1) to the R side, then R heel to the floor in the same place(2). Repeat, turning to R, and touching L toe to floor (1) followed by L heel to floor (2). Ie. toe-heel step.


vippetrin (Danish)

Normally danced to 2/4-time music. Danced on the spot, usually with a partner.
L vippetrin: hop onto L foot, while swinging R foot out sideways.
R vippetrin: hop onto R foot, while swinging L foot out sideways.
When dancing a number of vippetrin in succession, dance alternatingly L and R vippetrin. When dancing in eg. waltz hold with a partner, M and W use opposite footwork.


Ærøtrin (Danish)

Danced to 2/4-time rhythms. Midway between a walk and step-hop, ie a walk with a lot of 'svikt'.


Html by L. Ruus, rev. 2020-07-06.