Ephemeral landscapes: of the page, past and future . . .

"Pre"history -- Töpffer

These are rather extreme examples of Rodolphe Töpffer's experiments in aggressive framing and pacing of action, yet they are clearly comprehensible to us. M. Pencil (1840) gives us a sense of the frantic, rapidly shifting scene and action, and uses abstract "lines of force" to create wind on the page.

M. Pencil, orig. 1831



Albert's socializing and drinking are set up in "normal" frames, and echoed in progressively thinner slices, suggesting at the same time repetition and duration -- and Albert's conviviality.
L'histoire d'Albert, 1844

It's hard to get much more "modern" than 1844 . . .

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