Exercises: Answers

Due to the difficulty of formatting text and drawing lines on a web page, I've listed the sentence components.
Note that the material in parentheses is not needed for exam answers: it is here to help you understand the sentence syntax.

  1. People with red hats should not wear green scarves.
    S-V-O
    People with red hats: S (noun phrase with a post-modifying prepositional phrase)
    should not wear: V
    green scarves: O (noun phrase)
  2. Don't paint that door red!
    (S-)V-O-C
    [you]: S (subject is implied by the imperative mood of the verb)
    don't: V
    that door: O (direct object)
    red: C (object complement)
  3. The red house on the hill stands out against the sky.
    S-V-A
    The red house on the hill: S (noun phrase with a post-modifying prepositional phrase)
    stands out: V (verb phrase)
    against the sky: A (prepositional phrase)
  4. The student who failed her exam was very upset.
    S-V-C
    S includes subordinate clause: S-V-O
    The student who failed her exam: S (noun phrase that includes a subordinate clause)
    who failed her exam: subordinate clause
    who: S
    failed: V
    her exam: O (direct object; noun phrase)
    was: V
    very upset: C
  5. When she saw him on the corner of the street, she wept.
    A-S-V
    A is a subordinate clause: S-V-O-A
    When she saw him on the corner of the street: A
    she: S
    saw: V
    him: O
    on the corner of the street: A (two prepositional phrases)
    she: S
    wept: V