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Dictionary databases, philological databases, cultural knowledge databases

Terence Russon WOOLDRIDGE

University of Toronto



The knowledge of a past state of a language is obtained from texts and, when they exist, dictionaries of the period. The two complement each other: the texts show the language in use (linguistic level) while the dictionaries offer a reflexion on the language (metalinguistic level). The computerized early dictionaries -- particularly Estienne, Nicot and the Académie française -- are linked to some of their source texts -- including Belleau, Du Fouilloux, Vigenere and Vitruve -- and to bibliographical and metalinguistic keyword bases as well as to critical notes and images.