Les catégories professionnelles
Professionnalisation et langage
"In his article "The Ongoing Pursuit of Professional Practice", Stephen Weil outlines the emergence of ‘professionalism’ in the 19th century. This category of employment, sought out originally by practitioners of law, medicine, and theology, was meant to obtain public recognition for their respective disciplines. As such, training and specialization served to distinguish professionals from amateurs. The social status that this granted also gave professionals a margin of autonomy through which to develop their fields and, importantly, to "promulgate standards of achievement and conduct but also enforce these standards by imposing sanctions upon those who violate them" (my emphasis) Professionalism has now spread to many disciplines, but Weil goes on to question whether museum workers can ever reach that specific form of it. Autonomy is difficult because the decision-making power of museum workers is limited, and because standards are hard to enforce"
S. Weil, "The Ongoing Pursuit of Professional Status", in Museum Provision and Professionalism, 1994, p. 252
Professional museum workers include all the personnel of (…), having received specialized training, or possessing an equivalent practical experience, in any field relevant to the management and operations of a museum, and independent persons respecting the ICOM Code of Professional Ethics.
Les professionnels de musée comprennent l'ensemble des membres du personnel des musées (…) ayant reçu une formation spécialisée, ou possédant une expérience pratique équivalente, dans tout domaine lié à la gestion et aux activités d'un musée et des personnes indépendantes respectant le Code de déontologie professionnelle de l'ICOM
Curator et Conservateur
Educator et Éducateur