Note to Readers:

This essay is adapted from a longer one written up for family members. As such, it contained a lot of anecdotes and excerpts from personal letters. I have modified it by removing most of the anecdotal material and (hopefully) anything that might impinge upon the privacy of living persons. I have also removed full quotations of any material of whose copyright I was unsure: to the best of my knowledge, anything quoted here is covered by fair use; in the public domain; or material for which the copyright belongs to me. All photographs are used by permission of the photographer. 'EBJ' refers to Dr Eugene B. Jackson, a Baptist minister and indefatigable researcher in Kerfoot family traditions. Some of his unpublished work was used by Robert Kearfoot and Mrs Buck in the works cited below; some of his typescripts are on deposit at the Fauquier County Heritage Society for Local History & Genealogy in Marshall, Virginia. I will be happy to provide more detailed information, where possible, for other Kerfoot family researchers and would be pleased to receive any corrections or additions. Please write me at abigail.young@utoronto.ca.

Dr Abigail Ann Young
Toronto, Ontario
October 2002

The Kerfoots of Frederick, Clarke, and Fauquier Counties

Abigail Ann Young

Copyright © 2002 by Abigail Ann Young

          The first Kerfoot ancestor about whom we know anything for certain was William Kerfoot I of Frederick County, Virginia. A tradition passed on by EBJ relates that he was born in Dublin, Eire, in 1724. I cannot verify that tradition. However, he must have been an established settler in Frederick Co by 1763, when he is said to have acquired a tract of land on Opequon Creek from one Bryan Bruin.1 Patterns of settlement in that part of back-country Virginia suggest that he may have come there via Pennsylvania, like many others. Another tradition preserved by EBJ has it that William I's three sons were born in Ireland and came to the colonies with their parents. If this is true, then it seems possible that William I was married twice and that the younger children (at least one of whom was not yet of age when her father died) were born of the second marriage.

          Very little is known about his wife or wives; no wife is mentioned in his will of 1779, so he was likely a widower at that time. EBJ gave William I's wife's name as Mary Margaret Carter and gave their marriage date as 1745. He tried to connect her to the famous Tidewater family, making her a daughter of Robert Wormeley Carter (1733-97; a grandson of Robert "King" Carter (1663--1732) by the first marriage of his son Landon (1709-78)). This simply won't work chronologically: even if she were a second wife and not the mother of the elder children, no one whose father was born in 1733 could have a daughter born in 1765! And besides the Carters of that ilk are well-documented: Robert W Carter had no daughter Mary Margaret and no descendant of "King" Carter married a back-country settler named Kerfoot.2

          If EBJ was right about her name, it's possible there is a solution closer to home, in Frederick County. In the 18th century there was at least one Friends' Meeting in the county and it numbered among its members at least one Carter family. According to the Hopewell Friends' History3, Joseph Carter emigrated from England to Bucks Co, Pennsylvania, in 1687 and then moved to what is now Frederick Co, Virginia, before 1739 (when he signed a petition for the establishment of a new court house). He was one of the lessees of Lord Fairfax, with 600 acres on the Opequon six miles from Winchester along the road to Berryville, in other words, very near the site of the first known Kerfoot home in Frederick Co (see below under John Samuel Kerfoot). He and his wife Catherine had six children: Catherine, Sarah, Joseph, Mary, Rachel, and James. Only James' birthdate is given (1732) -- if this listing is chronological, then Mary was born before 1732 and so is a possible candidate for William I's wife. It's worth pointing out that one of William's daughters and one of his grand-daughters married members of the Hopewell Meeting.

          The William Kerfoot who served with the Virginia Militia during the Revolutionary War is more likely to have been William II than William I(see below). William I died during the Revolutionary War, however, which may have caused the confusion. His will was dated 14 March 1779 and was proved 7 December 1779. In it he referred to his "mean state" of health. It is valuable because it lists the names of his children: three sons, George (who had predeceased him), William II, and Samuel, and four daughters, Margaret, Elizabeth, Sarah, and Mary. William II and Samuel are to be his executors, together with a friend, James Knight; interestingly, he makes provision for what will happen if any of his children die before "mairrage or the youngest before they become of age to receive the portion of goods to them bequeathed them", implying that some of them were still quite young.


Children of William and Mary Margaret Kerfoot


2.1 George Kerfoot. He predeceased his father. According to EBJ and Kerfoot and Allied Families, his dates are 1746-78. His wife's maiden name is unknown but from her will we know that her given name was Margaret. EBJ's 1932 Sowers notes give 1767 as the date of George Kerfoot's marriage, although he gives the bride's name incorrectly as Sarah Elizabeth Kerfoot. However, the date fits with the known dates of birth of the children. This is the line from which we are descended, and the only one I will trace in detail at the moment. His line is given below in some detail.

2.2 William Kerfoot II (1749-1811) married (1) Mary Bryarly; (2) Ann Peters, according to Kerfoot and Allied Famiiles. According to the marriage records of Frederick Co, his second marriage took place on 2 January 1785. Kerfoot and Allied Famiiles gives the names of a son (William Kerfoot III) and a daughter (Mary Tate Kerfoot) by his first wife and states there were no children of the second marriage. I need to do more work on his line; according to Kerfoot and Allied Families, William III and his wife Anna Hoagland had 12 children, five of whose descendents are traced there, so it will be a major undertaking. They do not seem to marry back into our line, making it a secondary priority at the moment. William II is likely the William Kerfoot listed as a Revolutionary War sergeant in the US National Archives Compiled Military Service Records, Roll 99. The Revolutionary War Public Service Claims in the Library of Virginia include claims by William Kerfott, Kearfoott, or Kerfoot.4 In "Clarke County: A Daughter of Frederick"5, Rose MacDonald writes that William II "enlisted in 1777 as Sergeant in the 4th Virginia Regiment Continental Line. On April 26th, 1778 he was appointed Assistant Wagon Master General. Shortly after his return from the war he married Mary Bryarly, daughter of Thomas. William Kerfoot died February 11, 1811." Writing in the late 1940s, Robert R. Kearfott mentions having seen the grave of that William Kerfoot who served in the Revolution in White Post, so it should still be findable.6

2.3 John Samuel Kerfoot (1763-1816). This birth date, given in Kerfoot and Allied Famiiles seems suspect, since he was named as one of his father's executors in 1779. To be of legal age when his father wrote his will, John Samuel must have been born no later than March 1758. He married Elizabeth Chipley on 11 December 1787 according to the Frederick Co marriage records. According to Kerfoot and Allied Families, the children of John Samuel and Elizabeth Kerfoot were: William S. Kerfoot (m. Nancy Timberlake on 2 Jan 18157); Samuel Kerfoot (m. Margaret Ann Lampton); Sally Kerfoot (m. William G. Kerfoot); James Kerfoot (m. ?); George Kerfoot II (no marriage given); Elizabeth Kerfoot (m. John MacMurray); and Margaret Kerfoot II (m. Thomas LeFevre). Because this line is extensive, but only touches ours directly through Sally's marriage to William G., I've done very little work in it as yet. I have not yet discovered whether the Margaret Kerfoot who married Thomas LeFevre was the daughter of William I and Mary Margaret, as EBJ thought, or the daughter of John Samuel and Elizabeth, as given by Kerfoot and Allied Famiiles.

2.4 Margaret Kerfoot I. She married Thomas LeFevre according to EBJ, while according to Kerfoot and Allied Famiiles she never married. I have no further data about her.

2.5 Elizabeth Kerfoot I. (1765-1830) -- according to Kerfoot and Allied Famiiles she married (1) John Brady; (2) William McSherry and had no issue of either marriage. I have no further data about her.

2.6 Sarah Kerfoot. According to Kerfoot and Allied Families she married William Alexander and they had eight children: Sarah Kerfoot Alexander, William Alexander, Matthew Alexander, Hiram Alexander, Elijah Alexander, Margaret Alexander, John Alexander, and James Alexander. Their daughter married back into the family, becoming the second wife of William G. Kerfoot. I have no further data about their descendents (except the bare facts in Chart 1, Kerfoot and Allied Families).

2.7 Mary Kerfoot I (1770-1821). She married Arthur Watson Carter (1772-1846) on 23 October 17928 and they had eight children, all listed in Kerfoot and Allied Famiiles. He was the son of James Carter (b. 1732), and the grandson of Joseph and Catherine Carter of Hopewell Friends' Meeting, but became a Baptist, presumably under the Kerfoot influence9!

          In 1901, EBJ had the opportunity to visit the oldest surviving Kerfoot house in Virginia, on the banks of the Opequon, where William I settled. It was then the property of a Mr Dix, whose family had bought it from either John Samuel or his son Samuel. Speaking of Mr Dix, EBJ said that he "seemed to have clearly in mind many traditions concerning our ancestors -- he received them from his own father who knew personally these Kerfoot ancestors". At that time, EBJ's own family researches were in their infancy and he seems to have thought that we were descended from John Samuel, rather than from his brother George, and that the house was built by John Samuel. That may well be true, but if it was built by the first Kerfoot in Frederick Co, then it was built by William instead. In any case, this is how EBJ described the house, which was "to the southeast of Winchester at a distance of about six miles, and is about midway between the Millwood and Front Royal roads":

The home of John Samuel Kerfoot stands intact by the Opequon, and is a quaint old structure, evidently after the order of the buildings of that period. It consists of two stories -- about five rooms on the first floor, and four on the second, with a large cellar. Part of it is made of logs, and the remainder, evidently added, is frame with weather board. Plaster is not found on the walls, but a good deal of panel work. Between this panel work and the weather board is to be found a layer of tan bark, evidently intended to keep out cold. The house is in a fair state of preservation, indicating the fine quality of its material. The doors and blinds are strongly made of batten work and their double layers of plank are strongly united by wrought-iron nails. Two iron strips, a part of the hinges, run all the way across each shutter. There are very large fire places and before these the family at evening assembled around a blazing fire. The doors look like wooden jail doors and indicate very strongly that the building was constructed with the idea of defense against some foe, probably the Indians; and we know that the Indians were very troublesome along the Opequon about 1750, especially in stealing from the white settlers. The settlers, and among them the Kerfoots, stoutly defended their right and the natives did not greatly resist such resolution; and we learn that in 1754 the Indians suddenly disappeared across the Allegheny Mountains.

After Braddock's disastrous defeat, these Indians returned to the Valley of Virginia to carry away many a scalp as a trophy. At Winchester (six miles) is to be seen the remains of old Fort Loudoun, built by a young civil engineer, George Washington, in order to defend that town against Indian attacks. In some of these old houses are to be seen port holes from which guns could be fired, for the Indians were dangerous up to 1767. In fact a tribe of Shawnees, whose king was "Cornstalk", carried on a most disastrous war with the settlers, and it was in this fighting with the Indians probably, that Kerfoot received his first training for the Revolutionary War.

The old house on the Opequon Creek has some curious family traditions connected with it. It was said that John Samuel Kerfoot and his wife did not always maintain the most amicable relations, and that Mrs John Samuel Kerfoot may, because of her husband's being overheated by wine, or because of pique on her own part, sometimes secreted herself in a closet still to be seen, but whose existence her husband was not aware of -- probably. She did this to prevent a quarrel, for colonial women knew how to take care of them selves.

In one end of the house is to be seen the room, originally paved with flag stones, in which tradition says the old man locked his slaves at night frequently, in order to keep them from roaming about the neighborhood. In this room is to be seen an antique ten-plate stove of curious design, the bottom part of which it requires two men to handle, and probably this stove was bought at great cost from the mother country.

In one part of the sitting room (for you enter the sitting room from the front porch) is pointed out to you the very corner where stood the bed upon which John Samuel Kerfoot breathed his last. Through the midst of years tradition brings to us the fact that on a certain occasion, the old man supposing he was about to die, stretched himself upon his bed and sent for a neighbor (may be Mrs K was in hiding). The neighbor, who was a great wag, quickly came, bringing with him a mutual friend. As they entered the old man opened his eyes, for he had drank freely from his stock of wine. The neighbor remarked that "John Sam" had sent for him with word that was dying, and then the neighbor added: "John Sam is not dying at all, just look at his eyes -- see how they shine." But it was not long after this that in reality the old man departed this life but, I suppose, with a happy optimism to the very last.

Mr Dix took me into the cellar, and remarked that he had frequently heard his father say that Mr John Samuel Kerfoot kept his cellar well stocked with whiskeys, wines and brandies, but that this was no uncommon thing for men of large means, as he was.

          By 1932, the house no longer belonged to the Dix family but was part of "the estate now called the Dearmont farm". We tried to find the site in October 2001 -- On a map in the Handley Library we found a Dearmont Road marked with a broken line running off Rt 644 between Millwood Pike Road (Rt 50) and Front Royal Pike Road (Rt 522). On the map, it ran down to the Opequon, across the creek and into Kitchen Road. However it must not yet have been put in, because we found no such road, not even an unpaved one, in the proper location. Perhaps on another trip we can find the site!


George and Margaret Kerfoot and their Children


          These children10 are not referred to by name in their grandfather's 1779 will, only as the heirs of his late son George. At that time a Widow Kerfoot, presumably their mother, was living on a part of their grandfather's plantation that is directed to be sold to benefit their four aunts -- one suspects that the buyer would have been the widow herself, since her late husband is said to have received his portion of his father's estate during his lifetime. At the time of her death Margaret owned 175 acres of land in Frederick Co, where we are not told in her will. Three of the children are named in a lease agreement between William II and Robert W Carter, made in 1791: at that time, William II leased one of the Opequon Tracts from Robert W Carter for a term defined as "the natural lives of John Kerfoot William and Polly Kerfoot children of George Kerfoot dec'd". Why these three were chosen is unclear, but in leases of this kind, in which the term is defined as the lifetime or lifetimes of particular people, it is natural to choose children or youths: perhaps John, William [G], and Polly were George and Margaret's youngest children. In any case all five children must have been born by 1779, since their father died in 1778.

          In Margaret Kerfoot's will, made in March 1814 but not proved until December 1816, she refers to sons William G. and John, and daughters Betsey Sowers, Polly Williams, and Nancy Woodrow. She left William G. her land in return for his payment to his brother John of £350 but her main concern was the "destitute and dependant condition" of her daughter Nancy, whose husband Abram (or Abner -- she uses both names) Woodrow had "already disipated all the property which I have given her [and] abandoned her and her family". Her other daughters were in "comfortable and independent circumstances", so she left the entire residue of her estate in a trust to be administered by her sons "for the sole and seperate use and support of my said Dear daughter Nancy Woodrow and so as never to be enjoyed or subject to the control in | in any manner of her said husband Abram Woodrow". And she charged each of her sons to provide half of a £50 annuity to be paid to their sister Nancy for the twelve years after her death.

          A Margaret Kerfoot also filed a Revolutionary War Public Service Claim11 and it seems likely that she was the same woman as George Kerfoot's widow -- I cannot see on what grounds Margaret Kerfoot I might have done so. But this must be double checked with the original sources.

3.1 John [Daniel] Kerfoot (19 Jun 1769-23 Nov 184112). He was probably born in Frederick Co, and died and was buried at his plantation, Providence, in Clarke Co. According to EBJ, John Kerfoot married Lydia Sowers (c 5 July 1777-27 Nov 184413) in 1790. This is the line from which we are descended, and the only one I'll pursue in detail below. The family traditions preserved by EBJ always give John Kerfoot's middle name as Daniel, but in fact he seems not to have used a middle name or initial. Others give his middle name as "David".

3.2 Elizabeth Kerfoot. She married James Sowers, son of Daniel Sowers I and Catherine ___ on 31 December 179814.

3.3 Mary Kerfoot. She married Roger Williams.

3.4 William G Kerfoot (1776-1842). He married two cousins in turn: Sally Kerfoot, daughter of John Samuel Kerfoot and Elizabeth Chipley, and after her death, Sarah Kerfoot Alexander, daughter of William Alexander and Sarah Kerfoot, on 4 November 1829. 15

3.5 Nancy Kerfoot. She married Abraham (possibly Abner) Woodrow. As we've seen from Margaret Kerfoot's will, Woodrow was a ne'er-do-well. However, like Arthur Watson Carter, who married Nancy's aunt, Mary Kerfoot, he seems to have come from the local Quaker community. The Hopewell Virginia Friends Meeting recorded that an Abraham Woodrow left their meeting to join one at Crooked Run on 7 May 1792. 16

John and Lydia Kerfoot and their Children

          EBJ's papers provide a lot of anecdotal material about John; I thought this quotation from the early Virginia historian Kercheval (who had, according to EBJ in 1932, "talked with many actors in the scenes of seventy-five years before about what they saw and had heard") was particularly interesting, if only as a reminder of how we have changed!

Kercheval says: "Mr. John Kerfoot built a large, comfortable dwelling of brick -- with most of his offices and all his slaves" houses of the same material. In approaching his residence it strikes the eye of the stranger as a sprightly village. Mr. Kerfoot is beyond question one the most enterprising, judicious and successful farmers in our section of the country. He has acquired more wealth by his agricultural pursuits than any individual within the author's knowledge. He has raised a large family, (six sons and six daughters) and provided handsomely for them all, he has given each of his sons fine farms and every necessity to commence business. His daughters as they have married and left him, have each of them been handsomely portioned off.

"Mr. Kerfoot is and has been a member of the Baptist Church -- a most liberal, consistent member and worthy."

Could any more attractive and charming picture be painted of the old time agricultural life, so popular in colonial times, in Virginia? The offices betoken a fine business in agriculture. Many of these buildings were removed by the descendants, but the splendid house still stands with evidences still of rich interior adornment. The Kerfoots held slaves and the will of Samuel, son of the first settler on the Opequon [=John Samuel Kerfoot], tells of his disposal of slaves to his children.

          Lydia Sowers was the daughter of Daniel and Catherine Sowers; for more details on this family, who intermarried with the Kerfoots over several generations, see The Sowers Connection.

          John and Lydia Kerfoot had twelve children, about some of whom I know no more at this point than is in Kerfoot and Allied Families.

4.1 Catherine Kerfoot (1 November 1794-?). She married George Lewis Ball on 20 November 1816. According to Mrs Buck's research, they were divorced, after which she lived with relatives in Missouri, and Ball predeceased his former wife.

4.2 Margaret Kerfoot (20 September 1796-10 June 1833). She married Solomon Spears on 17 December 1811; he was from Bourbon Co, Kentucky.

4.3 John Bradford Kerfoot (27 July 1798-?). He married (1) Elizabeth Taylor on 12 February 1822; and (2) Mary F Armistead on 24 February 1834 17. According to Mrs Buck's research, in 1863 he moved to Missouri and later to Iowa.18

          According to EBJ's 1932 notes, John B. Kerfoot, with his second wife, was one of three of the siblings to move across Ashby's Gap to Fauquier County near Upperville. (The other two were Emily and Daniel, who respectively married John and Maria Carr of Upperville.) He also says they had at least one son, a John Kerfoot, who lived in Maryland. Kerfoot and Allied Famiiles lists three children for John Bradford Kerfoot (John Robert Kerfoot, Ann Maria Kerfoot, and Margaret Kerfoot) but makes them all the children of the first marriage (to Elizabeth Taylor), which EBJ doesn't mention. EBJ was almost certainly wrong to say that John Bradford Kerfoot did not cross the Gap until after his second marriage, since Fauquier Co records compiled by the Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission show that in 1831 he and his brother Daniel Sowers each acquired part of the land their father had bought from Charles Landon Carter in 1822. Daniel bought John Bradford out in 1841 but not before John Bradford had put up a house called Hebron, which alas does not survive.

4.4 George Louthan Kerfoot (22 April 1800-3 September 1855). He married (1) Catherine D. Sowers on 4 December 1824 and (2) Lucy Jane Adams on 5 May 1837.19 She was the daughter of Turner Adams. George and Lucy Kerfoot appear in the 1850 census for Clarke County along with seven children (Eliza C., Judson, Catharine, Mary S., Jane, William F., and Martha A.). Their ages at the time show that Mary (12), Jane (10), William (6), and Martha (3) were likely the children of the second marriage, while Eliza (17), Judson (15), and Catharine (14) were the children of the first marriage. Since family tradition has it that George and Catherine had six children, the older ones may already have left home.

          Of interest to us is Martha Agnes Kerfoot, the youngest daughter. She married William T Chapin and their son was George Chapin, husband of Sue Kerfoot, EBJ's first cousin (Kerfoot and Allied Families gives a different account of the children of Martha Agnes and William T Chapin; I think the account given by their granddaughter should be preferred). In 1826, John Kerfoot divided the land he had bought on Gap Run in Fauquier County with his son George Louthan who apparently built on his share the family home Montmorenci. This land was subsequently reacquired by John Kerfoot, who then sold the entire tract, in equal shares, to sons John Bradford and Daniel Sowers. See figures 1 (for images of Montmorenci, taken from the road in the fall of 2001) and 2 (for two closer shots; the top shows the restored front, the bottom a side view with a late-20th-c. addition in the foreground.)

4.5 Daniel Sowers Kerfoot (6 Jan 1802-26 Aug 1884). 20 He married Maria Carr (10 May 1807-4 Dec 1865) on 24 October 1826.21 Both are buried in Ivy Hill Cemetery, Upperville, Fauquier Co, Virginia. See figure 3 for images of the monument erected there for this couple and some of their children.

4.6 William Carter Kerfoot (30 April 1805--18 May 1880). He married twice; the tradition that was known in our family is that he married (1) Eliza Ann Sowers, daughter of Daniel Sowers II and Sarah Davis, on 25 October 183022; and (2) Mrs Josephine Bowen. He had 10 children by his first wife, according to the charts in Kerfoot and Allied Families. Mrs Buck's research, on the other hand, gives his second wife's name as Almira Josephine Harper. What is the solution to this apparent contradiction? Almira Josephine Harper was the lady's maiden name. Her first husband was named Bowen, and was killed during the War Between the States. She subsequently married a Mr Timberlake, and then upon his death, the unlucky widow married William Carter Kerfoot, it being her third marriage and his second. Apparently both had children only in their first marriages (see R.E. Griffith, "Early Estates of Clarke County", Proceedings of the Clarke County Historical Association 11-12 (1951-3) p 87.)

          William and Eliza appear on the 1850 census return for Clarke County with seven children: James F. (17), Sarah C. (15), Mary L. (13), John W. (11), Daniel S. (9), Lucy W. (7) and Georgiana (1).

          A letter from Alfred Kerfoot of Berryville (a grandson of Franklin J Kerfoot) tells an interesting story about the husband of one of William Carter Kerfoot's Bowen step-daughters and the eventual fate of Providence, plantation of John Kerfoot and Lydia Sowers. It appears that this Miss Bowen married a man named William G Conrad who went west after the War Between the States and got rich from mining in Montana. Alfred continued:

sometime in the 1880s he [Conrad] acquired the tract now known as Montana Hall, enlarged the old house into quite a mansion, built a zoo wire fence around the works, stocked it with deer and used it as a plaything and pleasure jaunt. He was never identified with the social and business interests of the community but appeared to cling to the west. All of the tract that Conrad bought was once a part of the John Kerfoot estate and then known as "Poplar Hill". It is interesting to note that Conrad's daughter married a bunch of stuffed shirts who succeeded in so dissipating the Conrad wealth that Montana Hall and even the household furniture were foreclosed on and sold at public sale a few years ago [letter dated 11 March 1946], and equally interesting that the buyer of Montana Hall also recently bought "Providence" and has turned the whole works into a race horse establishment. Ye gods, it must be hard for old church going, church building John to keep sleeping in his six by four out back of the "Providence" house he built.

4.7 James H Kerfoot (c1807-?).

4.8 Dr Franklin James Kerfoot (19 October 1810-4 August 1887). He married (1) Harriet E. Webb (c1815-aft 1850); (2) Harriet J Slaughter (in 1854). According to EBJ, he lived at a family plantation near Berryville called Llewellyn. He and his first wife appear on the 1850 census return for Clarke county with seven children: Henrietta E. W. (16), John D. (15), Ellen C (8), Laura W. (6), Henry D. (4), Franklin H. (2), and Ida C. (1).

4.9 Mary Eliza Kerfoot (19 October 1812-1892). She married Daniel W. Sowers, son of Daniel Sowers II and Sarah Davis, on 23 February 183223.

4.10 Lucy Ann Kerfoot (6 December 1814-9 January 1880). She married Dr Bailey Rust Glasscock (1 April 1809-16 June 1863) on 31 February 183124. The couple had 11 children: Emily Catherine (24 October 1833-?); Mariah Louisa (26 July 1835-1910); Mary Emma Lee (1837-1920); Thomas Uriel (26 May 1839-1925; his name really caused confusion: in the 1850 census he was listed as Thomas R. and as Charles U. in 1860); Richardetta Virginia (10 February 1841-1886); Bushrod Henry (1842-?); Lucy Temple (24 December 1844--1860); Sydney Bailey (9 March 1847-1862); Annie Elizabeth (15 May 1850-1908); John Carr (5 March 1853--1934); and Lydia Kerfoot (2 February 1855-1926). The first three of these children were born in Virginia but the rest in Missouri, according to the 1850 and 1860 census returns.

Bailey Glasscock came to a violent end. His wife's obituary in the Kahoka Gazette for January 17, 1880 stated that "Mrs. Glasscock was suddenly plunged into deepest grief by the murder of her husband in 1863 for the crime of being an honest man." This was apparently part of the "dirty war" being fought by partisans and regulars in Clark Co Missouri. Several weeks after the execution of two alleged bushwackers in Fairmont Missouri, Union soldiers (or at least persons purporting to be Union soldiers) came to Dr Glasscock's home about 5 mi SE of Fairmont and persuaded Dr Glasscock to accompany them because he was needed as a witness. Although he was suspicious, he was persuaded to accompany them and never returned; his mutilated body was found near his home with five bullet wounds. (Accounts of this event, all more or less sensational, have been posted to the Glasscock Forum at Genforum by family historian Jay McAfee [http://genforum.genealogy.com/glasscock/messages/2163.html]) Curiously Bailey Glasscock was a cousin to the Bedford Glasscock who, with Daniel S and Maria C Kerfoot, was one of the founding members of the Upperville Baptist Church, showing that a tenuous connection continues between the Kerfoots and Montmorenci, now the property of Bedford's grandson.

4.11 Sarah Jane Kerfoot (20 April 1817-?). She married John C. Bonham on 18 November 183325.

4.12 Emily Sowers Kerfoot (20 April 1819-?). She married John Carr, son of Joseph Carr and Delia Strother, on 14 April 183726. According to EBJ, the name of their plantation near Upperville was Hillside. He doesn't mention any children, but according to Kerfoot and Allied Families, they had 5, only one of whom, Mary E. Carr, married. In typical fashion, in 1867, she married a first cousin, John David Kerfoot (1835-1903), one of the 9 children of Dr Franklin James Kerfoot of Llewellyn. Interestingly, the young couple moved to Texas, where John D became mayor of Dallas 1876-7. They are supposed to be buried in Oak Cliff Cemetery, which I have not yet confirmed.


Daniel Sowers Kerfoot and Maria Carr Kerfoot and their Children


          A pair of full-length 19th-century portraits of Daniel and Maria survive in the family and have been copied in smaller format for some of their descendants. The originals were probably painted at Montmorenci by an itinerant artist, as was the custom in the first half of the 19th century in rural America -- such artists would travel from one "big house" to another in the rural South, often carrying partial pictures (with conventional backgrounds and bodies in standard poses) which would be completed by adding the heads and faces of their subjects and perhaps a characteristic piece of lace or jewellery -- the jewellery which Maria is depicted as wearing were family pieces, which went to descendants of her second daughter.

          Daniel was presumably born in Providence, his father's house in Clarke County; he died at Montmorenci in Fauquier County. In the 1850 Census for Fauquier Co, he is listed as a farmer and his property was valued at $31,14027. Maria was the was the daughter of Joseph Carr and Delia Strother, probably born in Old Stone House, her father's home in Upperville, a town which he founded (as Carrtown; see The Carr Connection). She died, at Montmorenci, of an illness contracted from nursing a sick slave near the end of the War Between the States.

          Daniel and Maria were among the founders of Upperville Baptist Church, for, since moving over the Gap to Fauquier County, Daniel could no longer continue as a member of Old Bethel. The church is still in operation, though no longer in the original building. But the bricks from the original building, which were Daniel and Maria's contribution, were incorporated into the old parsonage, which faces the new church building across the highway.

5.1 Delia Strother Kerfoot (b. 24 Sep 1827, Fauquier Co, Virginia; d. bef 1859). She married about 1845, probably in Virginia, William Bayne Sr (b. 12 Oct 1816 Westmoreland Co, Virginia; d. aft 1890). Delia does not appear in the 1850 Census for Fauquier Co as a part of her parents' household, probably because she had already married William Bayne. He was still living at the time of the 1880 Census, on which he appears as a wholesale coffee merchant in Baltimore, Maryland. By 1890, the company had moved to New York and included William Sr, and three of his sons (William Jr, Daniel, and Lawrence).28

5.2 Amanda Carr Kerfoot (b. 16 Jun 1829, Fauquier Co, Virginia; d. bef 1880). She also married William Bayne Sr, probably about 1860 and still in Virginia. In the 1850 Census for Fauquier Co, Amanda's age is given as 20; so it must have been taken before mid-June. She is not listed in the 1880 census, so she had died between 1871, when her youngest child was likely born (since her age in that census was 9) and 1880.

5.3 Jane Cecilia Kerfoot (b. 19 Jun 1831, Fauquier Co, Virginia; d. 1895). She married on 23 Jul 1857 Dr Samuel Morse Shute Sr (d. Jan 1901). Dr Shute was a professor of medicine at Columbian College (later GWU) and (I believe) an ophthalmic surgeon.

5.4 Cornelia Maria Kerfoot (b. 12 Jul 1834, Fauquier Co, Virginia; d. 14 Jan 1900, District of Columbia; buried in Prospect Hill Cemetery, Front Royal). She married on 22 Nov 1864 John Richard Jackson (b. 21 Sep 1820, d. 15 Dec 1879 in Front Royal, Virginia; buried in Prospect Hill Cemetery, Front Royal).

5.5 Josephine Kerfoot (b. 25 Jul 1837, Fauquier Co, Virginia; d. 20 Feb 1882). She married on 19 Feb 1867 Dr William Madison Lupton of Round Hill (d. 1 Aug 1881).

5.6 Emily Carr Kerfoot (b. 10 Jan 1840, Fauquier Co, Virginia; d. 2 Jan 1900; buried in Ivy Hill Cemetery, Upperville). Straightening out when Emily was born and died was not easy! In the 1850 Census for Fauquier Co, Emily's age is given as 10; so she must have been born in 1840. The PRF data state that Emily died in 1863 and that her fiancé, John O. Carr, was killed at the battle of Gettysburg. But in the 1932 talk given at Upperville Baptist Church by Professor James Lake, "Miss Em" is named among those who were members of the church in 1872 when the speaker's father became pastor. One family tradition was that Emily died about 1903 and another cousin recalled, "Emily, daughter of DSK, lived to 1903, I believe. Somewhere in my notes she was engaged to Willie Carr & not John. She was supposed to be kind and lovable whereas sister Ella could be testy."

          Some of this is cleared up by the memorials in Ivy Hill Cemetery in Upperville (see figure 3). When we visited in the fall of 2001, the lower part of the west face of the memorial stone was difficult to read and all we could make out were the year of birth (1840) and part of the year of death (190_); however, the RootsWeb cemetery transcriptions must have been done before the moss became so overgrown on the stone, and gives Emily's dates as 10 January 1840 to 02 January 1900.

5.7 Louise Love Kerfoot (b. 18 Feb 1842, Fauquier Co, Virginia; d. 20 Mar 1915). She married on 15 Feb 1866 R.B. Cook D.D. (b. in Wilmington, Delaware).

5.8 William Franklin Kerfoot (b. 22 Dec 1843, Fauquier Co, Virginia; d. 14 Jun 1890; buried in Ivy Hill Cemetery, Upperville). He married on 6 Oct 1870 Margaret D. Dodge (b. 26 Dec 1848. Fauquier Co, Virginia; d. 1925; buried in Ivy Hill Cemetery, Upperville). According to family tradition, William's health never fully recovered from his injuries at Gettysburg (where he lost an arm) and he died 10 or 12 years later. However, according to his gravestone, he died 14 June 1890, so the tradition is at fault about the timing, though not, I daresay, about the physical and emotional impact of his war service. Margaret's birth date is given as 26 December 1846 in Kerfoot and Allied Families but her tombstone apparently reads "1848" rather than "1846". I have preferred that date.

5.9 Mary Campbell Kerfoot (b. 28 Apr 1845, Fauquier Co, Virginia; d. 19 May 1862; buried in Ivy Hill Cemetery, Upperville). In the cemetery transcriptions for Ivy Hill, her name is given as "Maria C.", so she may have been known as Maria rather than Mary.

5.10 Ella Kerfoot (b. 30 Jun 1848, Fauquier Co, Virginia; d. 1916; buried in Ivy Hill Cemetery, Upperville). Not listed in Kerfoot and Allied Families but she is also mentioned in the 1932 Upperville Talk by Prof. Lake. Tradition is that either Miss Ella or Miss Em operated the old toll house on Delaplane Grade Road, facing Carr Lane (where Montmorenci stands).

Generation 6 (selected)

A. Children of Delia Strother Kerfoot and William Bayne Sr

  1. Emma Bayne (1846-7)

  2. Richard Bayne (1847-1919). He married on 13 Feb 1883 in Washington Twp, Colusa Co, California, Susan Wilkins (b. 1857). From the 1880 census, we learn that he was a lawyer and had already moved to California. It was there that he met and married his wife Sue, as reported in the local paper, the Weekly Colusa Sun. In the Yuba, Sutter, Colusa, Butte, and Tehama Counties, California Directory, for 1885, Richard Bayne is listed as a member of the firm Stabler & Bayne, an attorney-at-law and justice of the peace.

  3. Daniel Kerfoot Bayne (1849-1915). He is not listed in the 1880 census, but by 1890 he was in the coffee business with his father in New York City.

  4. Marietta Webb Bayne (1852-1926). She married Henry J Davison sometime after 1880. In the 1880 census, she was still living with her father and siblings in Baltimore although she was 27. Both her mother and step-mother/aunt were dead and her younger sister is listed as keeping house for the family. Obviously Marietta had not yet married Henry Davidson.

  5. Maria Kerfoot Bayne (1854-1929). Listed as keeping house for her father, 3 full siblings, and 6 half-siblings in Baltimore in the 1880 census; her mother and step-mother/aunt were both dead and she was presumably managing the staff of three servants also listed in the census and acting as her father's hostess.

  6. William Bayne Jr (1856-1931). He married Sallie Smith.

  7. Lawrence Pope Bayne (1856-1927). He married Maude C. Denney. In 1880, Lawrence and William were both working as coffee importers, no doubt in their father's business, and living at home in Baltimore. The PRF data state that "[h]e is a Twin to William. No children."

B. Children of Amanda Carr Kerfoot and William Bayne Sr

  1. Charles Ernst Bayne (1861-1925). He married Kate M. Johnson. According to the PRF data, "[h]e became a buying agent for his father (coffee) in South America". No children. In 1880, he was working as a clerk, presumably in his father's coffee business, and living in Baltimore with his father and siblings.

  2. Virginia Lee Bayne (1863-1923). On 24 March 1913, EBJ wrote that the "family Bible belonging to John Kerfoot (son of John Samuel and father of Daniel Sowers Kerfoot) is still in existence though I have not been able to get access to it. It is in the possession of Miss Virginia Bayne, 128 E 34th St. New York City." There may have been a Kerfoot family Bible in Virginia Bayne's keeping but EBJ had the lineage wrong at that early point in his researches. Daniel Sowers Kerfoot was the son of John Kerfoot, but John was not the son of John Samuel, but of George Kerfoot, one of John Samuel's brothers. In the 1880 census, she was living at home (Baltimore, Maryland) and in school

  3. Edward Norman Bayne (1865-1928). He married Bertha C. Lockwood. He is listed in the 1880 census as E. Norman, and was living at home and attending school.

  4. Charlotte Bayne (19 Jul 1867-May 1967). She married Gardiner Corning.

  5. Walter Lee Bayne (1869-?). In the 1880 census he was living at home in Baltimore and attending school.

  6. Helen Bayne (1871-?). She married Clarence Beverly Davison Sr. In the 1880 census, she is not listed as being at school, but as she was only 9 years old, I think she most likely was (unless she was out of school because of poor health, for instance).

C. Children of Jane Cecilia Kerfoot and Dr Samuel Morse Shute Sr

  1. Daniel Kerfoot Shute M.D. (22 Oct 1858-21 Oct 1935). He married Augusta Pettigrew (6 May 1869-?) on 16 Aug 1896. I have a confused recollection of a story about Cousin Augusta, who was, as I recall, also a doctor. She was from up North and from a city to boot, so when she came to rural Fauquier Co after her marriage she was appalled to find that there was no running hot water in the house. She put up with it only a short time, and then moved out until her new husband had some renovations done!

  2. Samuel Morse Shute Jr. (31 May 1860-1890).

  3. Delia Bayne Shute (20 Jul 1862-2 Oct 1947).

  4. Edith Shute (17 Mar 1864-?).

  5. William F. Shute (1 Dec 1867-11 Mar 1945). He married Willie Lary (in Kerfoot and Allied Families, she is called "Willie" while the PRF data give her name as "Elizabeth"; so the "Willie" might just be a family nickname.

  6. Nella Bayne Shute (22 Sep 1871-?).

D. Children of Cornelia Maria Kerfoot and John Richard Jackson

  1. Josephine A Jackson (1865-1866)

  2. Eugene Beauharnais Jackson D.D. (1867-1951)

  3. Virgil Bonaparte Jackson (1868-1948)

  4. Ernest Hilton Jackson (1869-1950)

  5. Emily Kerfoot Jackson (1872-1951)

  6. Daniel Kerfoot Jackson (1873-1922)

E. Children of Josephine Kerfoot and Dr William Madison Lupton

  1. Josephine Madeline Lupton (21 Jun 1868-19 Jul 1932). She married on 7 Apr 1897 Edgar Mecartney, died 6 Oct 1942 in Alberta, Virginia.

  2. Ralph Campbell Lupton (20 Feb 1872-?).

  3. Marion Carr Lupton (28 Nov 1873-?). He married Sarah H. Wilson on 7 Dec 1897.

  4. William Madison Lupton (26 May 1877-10 Mar 1939). He married Mary Ethel Taylor.

F. Children of Louise Love Kerfoot and R.B. Cook D.D.

  1. Florence Edith Cook (16 Jan 1867-?).

  2. Edward Glenn Cook (2 Nov 1868-17 Jul 1947). He married Mary Towsend. According to the PRF data, "[h]e was an attorney."

  3. Ida Walter Cook (23 Mar 1871-?).

  4. Catherine Grafflin Cook (15 Nov 1872-9 Apr 1940). She married Joseph S. Sagebeer Ph.D. (d. 18 Dec 1940).

  5. Mary Dorsett Cook. She married George L. Medill.

G. Children of William Franklin Kerfoot and Margaret D. Dodge

  1. Maria Maud Kerfoot (30 May 1872-1 Aug 1935). She married Robert D. Johnston.

  2. Daniel Brown Kerfoot (1873-1955; buried in Ivy Hill Cemetery, Upperville). He married Lena Ramey (1879-1947; buried in Ivy Hill Cemetery, Upperville).

  3. Susan E. Kerfoot (12 Oct 1878-c1971) She married on 7 Oct 1903 George C. Chapin, son of William T Chapin and Martha Agnes Kerfoot.

To Section 2, the Sowers Connection.

To Section 3, the Carr Connection.

A formal disclaimer
-- The Centre for Computing in the Humanities and Social Sciences (CHASS) kindly provides facilities to humanities researchers for e-mail and other forms of Internet access. I am grateful to be able to take advantage of those facilities to make this material accessible on the Web. However, CHASS is in no way responsible or liable for anything contained within these writings: that responsibility lies entirely with me, the copyright holder.

Abigail Ann Young, August 2004

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